Written by Dr. Ragheb Elsergany
The Muslim family is the basic pillar in the structure of the Muslim society. The Muslim family is the fortress of this society and its security and safety valve.
Islam has paid great attention to the family system and enacted a tight system for it that entailed rights for and duties on its members. Islam has also regulated marriage dealings, nafaka (alimony), mirath (inheritance), children upbringing and parents’ rights. Islam has also made love and affection between husbands and wives to make stronger bonds between them and the family and impose discipline among the members of the Muslim family because this strengthens the society. This love and affection also spread important human and social values between the sons of the society and that is how the Islam elevates the society in a civilized way that is unparalleled and steers it away from chaos, moral disintegration and loss of ansab (lineage).
Pillars of family in Islamic civilization
The family in the Islamic civilization is built on two important components; man and woman or husband and wife. They are the basis for forming a family and bringing offspring from which the nation and the society are formed. God Almighty says: “O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women.” [An-Nisa: 1] and says:” And Allah has made for you from yourselves mates and has made for you from your mates sons and grandchildren and has provided for you from the good things. [An-Nahl: 72]