Human resources experts say that successfully leading a small group of people is not an easy task.
Imagine for a moment the challenge Prophet Muhammad faced when he established the foundations of the first Muslim community first in Makkah, then in Madinah.
When Islam started to gain publicity, the few people who had embraced it in Makkah formed the nucleus of the first Muslim community. This small community was put to persecution at the hands of the people of Quraysh.
The Prophet had to do something about this challenging situation. When the persecution intensified, he asked some of them to leave Makkah and migrate to Abyssinia where its king, Negus, gave them protection and welcomed them in his country. As a responsible leader, the Prophet had a serious concern for his followers’ safety and he took wise measures to ensure that at least some of them were safe, far away from danger.
After the death of the Prophet’s wife, Khadijah, and his uncle, Abu Talib, the persecution of the Prophet and his companions in Makkah increased, and his personal safety was at risk as the tribes joined hands to kill him. At that point, God commanded the Prophet to leave Makkah and migrate to Madinah where he started a new phase in establishing the new Muslim state.