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Investigate Islam – arabic  المقالات مكتبة طريق الخلاص لاهوتيات نصرانيات

Most Frequently Found Quranic Words & their Meanings Archive

Most Frequently Found Quranic Words & their Meanings Archive

Assalaam alaikum,

Inshallah we are starting this program to learn Quranic words on the Jannah.Org message board. This is the archive of the words and references people have posted.

[assalaam alaikum wrt, since alot of people have been posting recently about trying to learn arabic, i thought it would be a good opportunity to bring up an idea i’ve had for a while now

i have this list of 835 words of the Quran whose frequency. in the Quran is 10 and above with meanings in English, by knowing the words one can understand 58.63 percent text of the Quran.

it’s extremely hard to actually sit down with this and memorize the words. and don’t ask me to photocopy this and send it to you because everyone i’ve given it to hasn’t been able to do anything with it (believe me i’ve had this for the last 3 years)

so to force myself to learn these words inshallah i am going to try to learn one word a day and try to go from there. i’ll post them on here to force myself and if anyone else wants to join in learning

i just wish there was a way i could somehow get the arabic on here as well…but i’ll do my best to kind of phoeneticize it ]

May Allah reward those who did the research to give us some great examples of how the words are used and may Allah guide us along the path to understanding the Quran. Ameen.

IMPORTANT NOTE:

Please double check the verses, the reference numbers, and transliteration before using them. This list was basically meant as a personal record and has not been proof read and there may be mistakes in it.

  • Aabaa-ana, Aabaa-una = Our fathers
  • Aabaa-ukum = Your fathers
  • Aakhareena = Others
  • Aal = people, descendants, family members
  • ‘Aalaa = blessings, benefits, bounties
  • Aalihat = plural of Ilaah
  • Aamana= He adopted faith, he believed
  • Aamanoo = They adopted faith
  • Aa-taynaa = (We) gave
  • Aa-taynaahu = (We) gave him
  • Aayaat = verses, signs, sentences of the Quran
  • Abada(Abadan) = Forever, Never
  • Absaarihim = their eyes
  • Abwaab pl. of al-baab
  • Ahadan = One or Any
  • Ahadu = Anybody or Somebody
  • Ahl = People of
  • Ahsanu = best, better, nicer
  • Ahzaab = the allies, the parties, the groups
  • Ajala = Fixed period, yes
  • Ajma’een = all
  • Ajru, Ajran = Reward
  • Ajruhum = Their reward or wages
  • Akhadha = He caught or took
  • Akhadhna = We caught or took
  • Akheehi = His brother
  • Al Ardd = The Earth
  • Al-Aakhar = The Other
  • Al-Aakhir = Next, following, coming, the last
  • Al-Aakhirah = The here after
  • Al-Aakhireen = Plural of Al-aakhir
  • Al-amr= The Command, the affairs, the authority, the decree, the Order
  • Al-Awwaleen = the ancestors, the ancients, the first, the forebearers
  • Al-baab = the door, the entrance
  • Al-Baatil = the false, the futile, the baseless, the useless
  • Al-bahr = the ocean, the sea
  • Al-Balaagh = announcement, proclamation
  • Al-bar = the land, the mainland
  • Al-bayt = the house, the dwelling place
  • Aleem or aleemaa = painful, grievious, hurting
  • Al-eemaan = The faith
  • Al-Hamd = the Praise
  • Al-haqq = The truth, the true, the right, (correct)
  • Alharaam(i) = the respectable, the holy, the forbidden, the sacred
  • Al-Hikma(t) = the wisdom
  • Al-Hukum = Wisdom, legal decision
  • Al-Husnaaa = The goodness, the virtue, the best outcome fem)
  • Al-Ins = The human being, mankind, human race
  • Al-Insaan =The human being
  • Al-Janna(t) = The paradise, the heaven
  • Allaatee = those women who (pl. of Allatee)
  • Allah = the one and only God
  • Allatee = the woman who
  • Al-mujrimoon, al-mujrimeen = the criminals, the sinners, the guilty
  • Al-Tawraat = the torah revealed book to Musa
  • Al-thamaraat = the fruits
  • Al-umoor= plural of Al-amr
  • Amartu = I, (We) commanded, instructed, commissioned, entrusted
  • Ameen = trustworthy, faithful, reliable
  • Annaa = as per wish, where from, how, where
  • Awwal = first
  • Ayna = whither?, where?
  • Ayyu = which?
  • Ba’d = after, in addition to, beside
  • Ba’dd = a few, some, a part, a portion
  • Ba’eed = far away, distant, remote
  • Baghtah = all of a sudden, surprise
  • Balaa = yes, why not, yes indeed
  • Bashar(u), Basharan = man, human being, mankind
  • Bash-shir = give good tidings
  • Ba’sunaa = our distress, strength, fortitude, courage, conflict
  • Bayna = in between, among
  • Bi-idhni = Command or Permission
  • Bi-idhnihi=With his permission
  • Bi’sa = how bad, miserable to feign, distress
  • Bushraa = good news, glad tidings
  • Buyoot pl. of al-bayt
  • Hadeeth = talk, speech, chat
  • Hakeem = Wise, Ever-wise
  • Haleem = patient, clement, forbearing, gentle
  • Haqqa = Came true, verified, correct, be incumbent, deserved it
  • Haraj = Oppressed, straitness, straitened
  • Harram(a) = Prohibited
  • Harth = field, agricultural farm, tilth, tilling
  • Hasana(t) = Goodness, virtue, good deed, charity, benefaction
  • Hasanaa = Good, better, well, splendidly, beautifully
  • Hijaara(t) = the stones, the rocks
  • Hisaab = account, reckoning
  • Hudood = limits, limitations, borders, borderline
  • Ibtighaa = favour, desire, wish
  • Ilaah,Ilaahan = Object of worship, god
  • Israa’eel = The name of prophet Yacoub
  • Ithmu, Ithman = Sin
  • Ithnayn = Two
  • Ittaba’a = followed
  • Jaa-a = Jaa’a = Came, brought
  • Jaahadoo = they struggled, they strived, they strove
  • Ja’ala = He made, He rendered
  • Jahannam = Hell
  • Jaheem = hell, hellfire, fire
  • jamee’aa = All, altogether, all of them, entirely, totally
  • Jannaat = gardens, heavens
  • Jazaa’ = reward, repay
  • Jibaal = mountains
  • Junaah = prohibition, accountability, sin,
  • Li abeehi = To his father
  • Majnoon = mad, lunatic
  • Ma’waahum = their abode, their accommodation, their lodge
  • Mubeen, mubeenaa = clear, plain, evident
  • Muhsineen = the benefactors, the virtuous, the benevolents (obj.)
  • Mu’minoon = adopted faith, believers
  • Ooloo or oolee = possessors of, owners of
  • Ootoo = given
  • Taaba = repented, turned out (in repentance)
  • Tahtihaa = beneath it
  • Ta’kuloo = Eat
  • Ta’toona = (You) commit, you come
  • Thalaatha(t) = Three
  • Thamanaa = price, reward
  • Tilka = that, these
  • Tu’minoo = Adopt faith
  • Tutlaa = are recited, are rehearsed
  • Umam = Plural of Ummat
  • Umirtu = I, (We) was commanded, instructed, commissioned, entrusted
  • Ummahu = His mother, his abode, his origin, his source
  • Ummat= People, Nation, Generation
  • Unthaa = Female
  • Yaa ayyuhaa = O you who
  • Yabsutt = increases, to extend, stretch
  • Yahlifoona = They swear, they take oath
  • Yahzanoon = they grieve, sadden or will grive
  • Yahzanoon(a) = they grieve, sadden or will grieve
  • Yatoob = he turns from or will turn to God’s grace
  • Yuhib = He likes or he will like

 

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  • Abada(Abadan) = Forever, Never

The word abada appears several times in phrases like “…beneath which rivers flow, abiding therein forever…”

Here is an example:

Quran 98:8

“Their reward is with Allah: Gardens of Eternity, beneath which rivers flow; they will dwell therein for ever; Allah well pleased with them, and they with Him: all this for such as fear their Lord and Cherisher.”

Forever

…ma keseeni fihi abadan…

(18:3) (A state of bliss) in which they shall dwell forever.

Never

…Qaala yaMusa inna lan nad khulaha abadan…

(5:24) They said:O Moses,behold! never shall we enter that land.

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  • Liabeehi = To his father (i=kasra, ee=letter yeh)

Li means “to” or “for” abeehi means “his father”

I found this word in the story of Abraham (A) and in the story of Yusuf (A).

TO HIS FATHER:

Wa iz qaala Ibrahimu liabeehi Azara…

“Lo!Abraham said to his father Azar:”Takest thou idols for gods? for I see thee and thy people in manifest error.” (6:74)

Iz qaala liabeehi ya abati…

“Behold he(Abraham) said to his father: Why worship that which heareth not and seeth not and can profit thee nothing? (19:42)

Iz qaala liabeehi wa qaumihi…

“Behold! he said to his father and his people “What are these images to which ye are (so assiduously) devoted?” (21:52)

Iz qaala liabeehi wa qaumihi ma ta’budoon…

“Behold he (Abraham) said to his father and his people:”What worship ye?” (26:70)

Wa iz qaala Ibrahimu liabeehi…

“Behold!Abraham said to his father and his people:”I do indeed clear myself of what ye worship” (43:26)

..Illa qaula Ibrahima liabeehi…

“…when Abraham said to his father:”I will pray for forgiveness for thee though i have no power (to get) aught on thy behalf from Allah…” (60:4)

Iz qaala Yusufu liabeehi yaa aabati…

“Behold Joseph said to his father:”O my father!I did see eleven stars and the sun and the moon;I saw them prostrate themselves to me!” (12:4)

FOR HIS FATHER

wa ma kaana ustighfaru Ibrahima liabeehi…

“And Abraham prayed for his father’s forgiveness only because of a promise ha had made to him. But when it became clear to him that he was an enemy to Allah he dissociated himself from him: for Abraham was most tender-hearted forbearing.” (9:114)

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  • Aabaa-ana = Our fathers (dir. obj)
  • Aabaa-una = Our fathers (subj)
  • Aabaa-ukum = Your fathers (plural)

Just as a side note to remember these… the na at the end signifies Our, the kum at the end means Your

Here are some references. Use the Quranic word search and voila!

Aabaa ana

2:170

When it is said to them: “Follow what Allah hath revealed:” They say: “Nay! we shall follow the ways of our fathers.” What! even though their fathers were void of wisdom and guidance?

qaalu bal nattaabiu maa alfaina alaihi aabaa ana

26:74

They said: “Nay, but we found our fathers doing thus (what we do).”

qaalu bal wa jadnaa aabaa ana kazalika yafaloon

Aabaa akum

2:200

So when ye have accomplished your holy rites, celebrate the praises of Allah, as ye used to celebrate the praises of your fathers,- yea, with far more Heart and soul. There are men who say: “Our Lord! Give us (Thy bounties) in this world!” but they will have no portion in the Hereafter.

kazikri kum aabaa akum

Aabaa una

6:148

Those who give partners (to Allah) will say: “If Allah had wished, we should not have given partners to Him nor would our fathers; nor should we have had any taboos.” So did their ancestors argue falsely, until they tasted of Our wrath. Say: “Have ye any (certain) knowledge? If so, produce it before us. Ye follow nothing but conjecture: ye do nothing but lie.”

Lau sha allahu maa ashrakna wa laa aabaa una wa laa harram na min shai in

16:35

The worshippers of false gods say: “If Allah had so willed, we should not have worshipped aught but Him – neither we nor our fathers,- nor should we have prescribed prohibitions other than His.” So did those who went before them. But what is the mission of messengers but to preach the Clear Message?

Min sha innahnu wa laa abaa una wa laa harram na

Aabaa ukum

4:22

And marry not women whom your fathers married,- except what is past: It was shameful and odious,- an abominable custom indeed.

Wa laa tankihu maa nakaha aabaa ukum minna nisaai

9:24

Say: If it be that your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your mates, or your kindred; the wealth that ye have gained; the commerce in which ye fear a decline: or the dwellings in which ye delight – are dearer to you than Allah, or His Messenger, or the striving in His cause;- then wait until Allah brings about His decision: and Allah guides not the rebellious

Qul inkana aabaa ukim wa abtaa ukum

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  • Ta’toona = (You) commit, you come (pl.) (‘=alif with hamza on it)

I found this word in the story of Prophet Lut (pbuh) and his people. Interestingly, the two different meanings of the word are used in consecutive verses.

27:54 (ta’toona = (you) commit)

(We also sent) Lut (as a messenger): behold, He said to his people, “Do ye do what is shameful though ye see (its iniquity)?

wa lutan iz qaala liqaumihii atatoonal fahishata wa antum tubsiroon

27:55 (ta’toona = you come)

Would ye really approach men in your lusts rather than women? Nay, ye are a people (grossly) ignorant!

aa innakum la tatoonarri jaala shahwatanmin dunin nisaai bal antum qaumun tajhaloon

29:28 (ta’toona = (you) commit)

And (remember) Lut: behold, he said to his people: “Ye do commit lewdness, such as no people in Creation (ever) committed before you.

wa lutu iz qaala liqaumihii innakum la tatoonal fahishata …

29:29 (ta’toona = you come)

“Do ye indeed approach men, and cut off the highway?- and practise wickedness (even) in your councils?” But his people gave no answer but this: they said: “Bring us the Wrath of Allah if thou tellest the truth.”

aa innakum la tatoonarri jaala wa taqtaoonas sabeela …

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  • Ithmu, Ithman = Sin

2:173 He hath only forbidden you dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that on which any other name hath been invoked besides that of Allah. But if one is forced by necessity, without wilful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits,recompense for their “earnings.”

wa zaru zhaahiral ithmi wa batinahu innallazeena yaksiboonal ithma sayujzaona bima kanu yaqtarifoon

7:33 Say: the things that my Lord hath indeed forbidden are: shameful deeds, whether open or secret; sins and trespasses against truth or reason; assigning of partners to Allah, for which He hath given no authority; and saying things about Allah of which ye have no knowledge.

…wal ithma wal bagyi bigairil haqqi…

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  • Ajru, Ajran = Reward

4:40 Allah is never unjust in the least degree: If there is any good (done), He doubleth it, and giveth from His own presence a great reward.

…wa in taku hasanatan yudha’ifha wa yu’ti min ladunhu ajran azheem

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  • Ahadan = One or Any
  • Ahadu = Anybody or Somebody

AHADAN = One or Any

…wa la yazlimu rabbuka ahadan.

…And not one will thy Lord treat with injustice. (18:49)

AHADU = Anybody or somebody

…imma yablughanna ‘indakal kibara ahadu humaa auw kilaahuma…

Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but Him, And that ye be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in thy life, say not to them a word of contempt, nor repel them, but address them in terms of honor. (17:23)

24:28 (ahadan)

If ye find no one in the house, enter not until permission is given to you: if ye are asked to go back, go back: that makes for greater purity for yourselves: and Allah knows well all that ye do. fa inlam tajidu fefeehaa ahadan…

49:12 (ahadu)

O ye who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible): for suspicion in some cases is a sin: And spy not on each other behind their backs. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brothe? Nay, ye would abhor it…But fear Allah: For Allah is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.

…ayuhibbu ahadu kum anya kula lahma akheehi maitan fakarih tumoohu…

=================================

  • Ajala = Fixed period, yes

AJALA = Fixed period

…wa balaghnaa ajala nallazi ajjalta lana…

And we have reached the term thou hast appointed for us… (6:128)

…wali kulli ummatin ajalun…

And for every community there is (an appointed) term (i.e. in the divine plan) (7:34)

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  • Bi-idhni = Command or Permission
  • Bi-idhnihi=With his permission

bi-idhni

3:166 What ye suffered on the day the two armies Met, was with the leave of Allah, in order that He might test the believers,-

Wa maa asabakum yaomal takal jam’ani fa bi-idhnillahi wa liya’lamal mu’mineen

10:100 No soul can believe, except by the will of Allah, and He will place doubt (or obscurity) on those who will not understand.

Wa ma kana linafsin an tu’mina illa bi-idhnillahi…

14:23 But those who believe an and work righteousness will be admitted to gardens beneath which rivers flow,- to dwell therein for aye with the leave of their Lord. Their greeting therein will be: “Peace!”

…min tahtihal anharu khalideena

bi-idhnihi

11:105 The day it arrives, no soul shall speak except by His leave: of those (gathered) some will be wretched and some will be blessed.

yaoma yati la takallamu nafsun illa bi-idhnihi faminhum shaqeeun wa sa’eed

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  • Ajruhum = Their reward or wages

2:262 Those who spend their substance in the cause of Allah, and follow not up their gifts with reminders of their generosity or with injury,-for them their reward is with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

allazeena yunfiqoona amwalahum fee sabeelillahi thumma la yutbi’oona maa anfaqoo mannanwa la azhanlahum ajruhum ‘inda rabbihim…

2:277 Those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness, and establish regular prayers and regular charity, will have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

…lahum ajruhum ‘inda rabbihim…

16:96 What is with you must vanish: what is with Allah will endure. And We will certainly bestow, on those who patiently persevere, their reward according to the best of their actions.

…wa lanajzi yannallazeena sabaroo ajruhum bi-ahsani ma kanoo ya’maloon

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  • Akhadha = He caught or took
  • Akhadhna = We caught or took

6:46 Say: “Think ye, if Allah took away your hearing and your sight, and sealed up your hearts, who – a god other than Allah – could restore them to you?” See how We explain the signs by various (symbols); yet they turn aside.

qul ara’aitum in akhadhallahu sam’akum…

29:40 Each one of them We seized for his crime: of them, against some We sent a violent tornado (with showers of stones); some were caught by a (mighty) Blast; some We caused the earth to swallow up; and some We drowned (in the waters): It was not Allah Who injured (or oppressed) them:” They injured (and oppressed) their own souls.

fa kullan akhadhna bizanbihi…

33:7 And remember We took from the prophets their covenant: As (We did) from thee: from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus the son of Mary: We took from them a solemn covenant:

wa iz akhadhna minannabiyyina meethaqahum…

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  • Al-Aakhirah = The here after

2:201 And there are men who say: “Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter, and defend us from the torment of the Fire!”

…rabbanaa atina fid dunya hasanatan wa fil akhirati hasanatan wa qina ‘azabannar

3:85 If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter He will be in the ranks of those who have lost (All spiritual good).

…wa huwa fil akhirati minal khasireen

6:32 What is the life of this world but play and amusement? But best is the home in the hereafter, for those who are righteous. Will ye not then understand?

…wa ladda rul akhiratu khairun lillazeena yattaqoona afala ta’qiloon

42:20 To any that desires the tilth of the Hereafter, We give increase in his tilth, and to any that desires the tilth of this world, We grant somewhat thereof, but he has no share or lot in the Hereafter.

man kana yuridu harthal akhirati nazid lahu fee harthihi…

28:77 “But seek, with the (wealth) which Allah has bestowed on thee, the Home of the Hereafter, nor forget thy portion in this world: but do thou good, as Allah has been good to thee, and seek not (occasions for) mischief in the land: for Allah loves not those who do mischief.”

wabtaghi feemaa atakallahud daral akhirata wa la tansa naseebaka minad dunya…

87:17 But the Hereafter is better and more enduring.

wal akhiratu khairun wa abqa

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  • Al Ardd = The Earth

3:83 Do they seek for other than the Religion of Allah?-while all creatures in the heavens and on earth have, willing or unwilling, bowed to His Will (Accepted Islam), and to Him shall they all be brought back.

afagayra deenillahi yabgoona wa lahuu aslama man fis samaawaati wal ardhi taw’an…

3:190 Behold! in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day,- there are indeed Signs for men of understanding,

inna fee khalqis samaawaati wal ardhi wakhtila fil layli wannahari…

3:191 Men who celebrate the praises of Allah, standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and contemplate the (wonders of) creation in the heavens and the earth, (With the thought): “Our Lord! not for naught Hast Thou created (all) this! Glory to Thee! Give us salvation from the penalty of the Fire.

…wa yatafakkaroona fee khalqis samaawaati wal ardhi…

4:101 When ye travel through the earth, there is no blame on you if ye shorten your prayers, for fear the Unbelievers May attack you: For the Unbelievers are unto you open enemies.

wa iza dharabtum fil ardhi falaysa ‘alaykum junahun antaqdhuroo minas salaati…

25:2 He to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: no son has He begotten, nor has He a partner in His dominion: it is He who created all things, and ordered them in due proportions.

nillazee lahu mulkus samaawaati wal ardhi…

47:10 Do they not travel through the earth, and see what was the End of those before them (who did evil)? Allah brought utter destruction on them, and similar (fates await) those who reject Allah.

afalam yaseeroo fil ardhi fayanzhuroo kayfa kana ‘a qiyatullazeena min qablihim…

91:6 By the Earth and its (wide) expanse:

wal ardhi wa ma tahaaha

99:1 When the earth is shaken to her (utmost) convulsion,

iza zulzilatil ardhu zilzalaha

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  • Aa-taynaa = (We) gave
  • Aa-taynaahu = (We) gave him

2:63 And remember We took your covenant and We raised above you (The towering height) of Mount (Sinai) : (Saying): “Hold firmly to what We have given you and bring (ever) to remembrance what is therein: Perchance ye may fear Allah.”

…khuzoo maa aa-taynakum bi quwwatin…

15:87 And We have bestowed upon thee the Seven Oft-repeated (verses) and the Grand Qur’an.

wa laqad aa-taynaka sab’an minal mathanee…

16:122 And We gave him [Abraham] Good in this world, and he will be, in the Hereafter, in the ranks of the Righteous.

wa aa-taynahu fid dunya hasanatan…

21:74 And to Lut, too, We gave Judgment and Knowledge, and We saved him from the town which practised abominations: truly they were a people given to Evil, a rebellious people.

wa lootan aa-taynahu hukman wa ‘ilman…

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  • Akheehi = His brother

5:30 The (selfish) soul of the other led him to the murder of his brother: he murdered him, and became (himself) one of the lost ones.

fatawwa’at lahu nafsuhu qatla akheehi faqatalahu fa asbaha minal khasireen

49:12 O ye who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible): for suspicion in some cases is a sin: And spy not on each other behind their backs. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, ye would abhor it…But fear Allah: For Allah is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.

…ayuhibbu ahadukum anya kula lahma akheehi maytan fakarih tumootu…

7:151 Moses prayed: “O my Lord! forgive me and my brother! admit us to Thy mercy! for Thou art the Most Merciful of those who show mercy!”

qala rabbigh firlee wa li akhee wa ad khilna fee rahmatika wa anta arhamurrahimeen

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  • Al-Aakhar = The Other, Aakhareena = Others

4:91 Others you will find that wish to gain your confidence as well as that of their people: Every time they are sent back to temptation, they succumb thereto: if they withdraw not from you nor give you (guarantees) of peace besides restraining their hands, seize them and slay them wherever ye get them: In their case We have provided you with a clear argument against them.

satajidoona aakhareena yureedoona anya. manookum wa ya. manoo qawmahum…

4:133 If it were His will, He could destroy you, o mankind, and create another race; for He hath power this to do.

inya.sha yuz hibkum ayyuhannasu wa ya.ti bi aakhareena…

26:66 But We drowned the others.

thumma agraqnal aakhareena

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  • Aleem or aleemaa = painful, grievious, hurting

2:174 Those who conceal Allah’s revelations in the Book, and purchase for them a miserable profit,- they swallow into themselves naught but Fire; Allah will not address them on the Day of Resurrection. Nor purify them: Grievous will be their penalty.

… wa lahum ‘azabun aleem

4:18 Of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil, until death faces one of them, and he says, “Now have I repented indeed;” nor of those who die rejecting Faith: for them have We prepared a punishment most grievous.

… ulaa’ika a’tadna lahum ‘azaban aleem

6:70 Leave alone those who take their religion to be mere play and amusement, and are deceived by the life of this world. But proclaim (to them) this (truth): that every soul delivers itself to ruin by its own acts: it will find for itself no protector or intercessor except Allah: if it offered every ransom, (or reparation), none will be accepted: such is (the end of) those who deliver themselves to ruin by their own acts: they will have for drink (only) boiling water, and for punishment, one most grievous: for they persisted in rejecting Allah.

… lahum sharabun min hameemin wa ‘azabun aleemun bima kanoo yakfuroon

16:104 Those who believe not in the Signs of Allah,- Allah will not guide them, and theirs will be a grievous Penalty.

innallazeena la yu’minoona bi aayaatillaahi la yahdee himullaahu wa lahum ‘azabun aleem

24:19 Those who love (to see) scandal published broadcast among the Believers, will have a grievous Penalty in this life and in the Hereafter: Allah knows, and ye know not.

innallazeena yuhibboona an tashee’al fahishatu fillazeena aamanoo lahum ‘azabun aleemun fid dunya wal aakhirati …

==========================================

  • Al-amr(Al-umoor plural) = The Command, the affairs, the authority, the decree, the Order

3:186 Ye shall certainly be tried and tested in your possessions and in your personal selves; and ye shall certainly Hear much that will grieve you, from those who received the Book before you and from those who worship many gods. But if ye persevere patiently, and guard against evil,-then that will be a determining factor in all affairs.

… wa in tasbiroo wa tattaqoo fa inna zaalika min ‘azmil umoor

9:48 Indeed they had plotted sedition before, and upset matters for thee, until,- the Truth arrived, and the Decree of Allah became manifest much to their disgust.

laqadib tagawul fitnata min qablu wa qalaboo lakal umoora hatta jaa’al haqqu wa zhahara amrullaahi wa hum kaarihoon

11:76 O Abraham! Seek not this. The decree of thy Lord hath gone forth: for them there cometh a penalty that cannot be

turned back!

yaa ibraaheemu a’ridh ‘an haaza innahu qad jaa’a amru rabbika …

49:9 If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel, make ye peace between them: but if one of them transgresses beyond bounds against the other, then fight ye (all) against the one that transgresses until it complies with the command of Allah; but if it complies, then make peace between them with justice, and be fair: for Allah loves those who are fair (and just).

… fa in bagat ihdaa huma ‘alal ukhraa faqatilullatee tabgee hattaa tafee’a ilaa amrillaahi …

97:4 Therein come down the angels and the Spirit by Allah’s permission, on every errand [affair – Shakir’s translation]

tanazzalul malaa’ikatu war roohu feeha bi izni rabbihim min kulli amr

==================================

  • Ilaah = Object of worship, god

2:163 And your Allah is One Allah: There is no god but He, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

wa ilaahukum ilaahun wa hidun laa ilaaha illa huwar rahmaanur raheem

2:255 Allah! There is no god but He,-the Living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permitteth? He knoweth what (appeareth to His creatures as) before or after or behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except as He willeth. His Throne doth extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feeleth no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory).

allaahu laa ilaaha illa huwa al hayyul qayyoomu …

5:73 They do blaspheme who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no god except One Allah. If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy), verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among them.

… wa ma min ilaahin illaa ilaahun wa hidun wa inlam yantahoo ‘amma yaqooloona laya massannallazeena kafaroo

minhum ‘azabun aleem

6:46 Say: “Think ye, if Allah took away your hearing and your sight, and sealed up your hearts, who – a god other than Allah – could restore them to you?” See how We explain the signs by various (symbols); yet they turn aside.

qul ara ‘aytum in akhazallahu sam’akum wa absarakum wa khatama ‘alaa quloobikum man ilaahun gayrullaahi

ya.teekum bihii…

114:3 The god (or judge) of Mankind,-

ilaahin nas

=================================

  • Ummahu = His mother, his abode, his origin, his source

4:23 Prohibited to you (For marriage) are:- Your mothers, daughters, sisters; father’s sisters, Mother’s sisters; brother’s daughters, sister’s daughters; foster-mothers (Who gave you suck), foster-sisters; your wives’ mothers; your step-daughters under your guardianship, born of your wives to whom ye have gone in,- no prohibition if ye have not gone in;- (Those who have been) wives of your sons proceeding from your loins; and two sisters in wedlock at one and the same time, except for what is past; for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful;-

hurrimat ‘alaykum ummahatukum …

5:75 Christ the son of Mary was no more than a messenger; many were the messengers that passed away before him. His mother was a woman of truth. They had both to eat their (daily) food. See how Allah doth make His signs clear to them; yet see in what ways they are deluded away from the truth!

… wa ummuhu siddeeqatun …

16:78 It is He Who brought you forth from the wombs of your mothers when ye knew nothing; and He gave you hearing and sight and intelligence and affections: that ye may give thanks (to Allah).

wallaahu akhrajakum min butooni ummahatikum la ta’lamoona shay’an wa ja’ala lakumus sam’a …

31:14 And We have enjoined on man (to be good) to his parents: in travail upon travail did his mother bear him, and in years twain was his weaning: (hear the command), “Show gratitude to Me and to thy parents: to Me is (thy final) Goal.

wa wassaynal insana bi walidayhi hamalathu ummuhu wahnan ‘alaa wahnin …

80:35 And from his mother and his father,

wa ummihii wa abeehi

101:9 Will have his home [abode – Shakir’s translation] in a (bottomless) Pit.

fa ummuhu hawiya

======================================

  • Ummat= People, Nation, Generation
  • Umam = Plural of Ummat

2:128 “Our Lord! make of us Muslims, bowing to Thy (Will), and of our progeny a people Muslim, bowing to Thy (will); and show us our place for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.

rabbana waj’alna muslimayni laka wa min zurriyyatinaa ummatan muslimatan laka wa arina mana sikana wa tub ‘alayna

innaka antattawwabur raheem

2:143 Thus, have We made of you an Ummat justly balanced, that ye might be witnesses over the nations, and the Messenger a witness over yourselves; and We appointed the Qibla to which thou wast used, only to test those who followed the Messenger from those who would turn on their heels (From the Faith). Indeed it was (A change) momentous, except to those guided by Allah. And never would Allah Make your faith of no effect. For Allah is to all people Most surely full of kindness, Most Merciful.

wa kazaalika ja’alnaakum ummatan wa satan litakoonoo shuhadaa’a ‘alannasi …

3:110 Ye are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah. If only the People of the Book had faith, it were best for them: among them are some who have faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors.

kuntum khayra ummatin ukhrijat linnasi ta.muroona bil ma’roofi …

15:5 Neither can a people anticipate its term, nor delay it.

ma tasbiqu min ummatin ajalaha wa ma yasta.khiroon

6:42 Before thee We sent (messengers) to many nations, and We afflicted the nations with suffering and adversity, that they might learn humility.

wa laqad arsalnaa ilaa umamin min qablika …

29:18 “And if ye reject (the Message), so did generations before you: and the duty of the messenger is only to preach publicly (and clearly).”

wa in tukazziboo faqad kazzaba umamun min qablikum …

====================================

  • Al-Insaan =The human being
  • Al-Ins = The human being, mankind, human race

96:2 Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood:

khalaqal insana min ‘alaq

96:5 Taught man that which he knew not.

‘allamal insana malam ya’lam

99:3 And man cries (distressed): ‘What is the matter with her?’-

wa qalal insanu malaha

100:6 Truly man is, to his Lord, ungrateful;

innal insana lirabbihii lakanood

103:2

Verily Man is in loss,

innal insana lafee khusr

====================================

  • Unthaa = Female

4:124 If any do deeds of righteousness,- be they male or female – and have faith, they will enter Heaven, and not the least injustice will be done to them.

wa man ya’mal minas saalihaati min zakarin aow unthaa wa huwa mu’minun …

13:8 Allah doth know what every female (womb) doth bear, by how much the wombs fall short (of their time or number) or do exceed. Every single thing is before His sight, in (due) proportion.

allaahu ya’lamu ma tahmilu kullu unthaa wa ma tageedhul arhamu wa ma tazdadu …

16:58 When if one of them receiveth tidings of the birth of a female, his face remaineth darkened, and he is wroth inwardly.

wa iza bushshira ahadu hum bil unthaa zhalla wajhuhu muswaddan wa huwa kazheem

42:50 Or He bestows both males and females, and He leaves barren whom He will: for He is full of Knowledge and Power.

aow yuzawwi juhum zukranan wa inathaa …

49:13 O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things).

yaa ayyuhannasu inna khalaqnaakum min zakarin wa unthaa wa ja’alnaakum shu’uooban wa qabaa’ila ita’arafoo …

92:3 By (the mystery of) the creation of male and female;-

wa ma khalaqaz zakara wal unthaa

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  • Aamana= He adopted faith, he believed
  • Aamanoo = They adopted faith

2:177 It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces Towards east or West; but it is righteousness- to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity; to fulfil the contracts which ye have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and adversity, and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the Allah-fearing.

laysal birra an tuwalloo wujoohakum qibalal mashriqi wal magribi wa laakinnal birra man aamana billaahi …

2:208 O ye who believe! Enter into Islam whole-heartedly; and follow not the footsteps of the evil one; for he is to you an avowed enemy.

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanud khuloo fissilmi kaaffatan …

4:135 O ye who believe! stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye swerve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanoo koonoo qawwa meena bil qisti shuhadaa’a lillaahi…

24:27 O ye who believe! enter not houses other than your own, until ye have asked permission and saluted those in them: that is best for you, in order that ye may heed (what is seemly).

33:41 O ye who believe! Celebrate the praises of Allah, and do this often;

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanuz kurullaaha zikran katheera

42:36 Whatever ye are given (here) is (but) a convenience of this life: but that which is with Allah is better and more lasting: (it is) for those who believe and put their trust in their Lord:

famaa uoo teetum min shay’in famata’ul hayaatid dunya wa ma ‘indallaahi khayrun wa abqaa lillazeena aamanoo wa

‘alaa rabbihim yatawakkaloon

85:11 For those who believe and do righteous deeds, will be Gardens; beneath which rivers flow: That is the great Salvation, (the fulfilment of all desires),

innallazeena aamanoo wa ‘amilus saalihaati lahum jannaatun tajree min tahtihal anhaaru…

98:7 Those who have faith and do righteous deeds,- they are the best of creatures.

innallazeena aamanoo wa ‘amilus saalihaati ulaa’ika hum khayrul bariyyat

103:3 Except such as have Faith, and do righteous deeds, and (join together) in the mutual teaching of Truth, and of Patience and Constancy.

illallazeena aamanoo wa ‘amilus saalihaati wa tawa saw bil haqqi wa tawa saw bis sabr

 

====================================

  • ‘Aalaa = blessings, benefits, bounties

22:33

In them ye have benefits for a term appointed: in the end their place of sacrifice is near the Ancient House.

 

53:55

Then which of the gifts of thy Lord, (O man,) wilt thou dispute about?

fabi ayyi aalaa’i rabbika tatamaraa

55:13

Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?

fabi ayyi aalaa’i rabbikuma tukazzibaan

 

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  • Ta’kuloo = Eat

2:168

O ye people! Eat of what is on earth, Lawful and good; and do not follow the footsteps of the evil one, for he is to you an avowed enemy.

2:172

O ye who believe! Eat of the good things that We have provided for you, and be grateful to Allah, if it is Him ye worship.

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanoo kuloo min tayyibaati ma razaqnaakum washkuroo lillaahi in kuntum iyyahu ta’budoon

2:187

Permitted to you, on the night of the fasts, is the approach to your wives. They are your garments and ye are their garments. Allah knoweth what ye used to do secretly among yourselves; but He turned to you and forgave you; so now associate with them, and seek what Allah Hath ordained for you, and eat and drink, until the white thread of dawn appear to you distinct from its black thread; then complete your fast Till the night appears; but do not associate with your wives while ye are in retreat in the mosques. Those are Limits (set by) Allah: Approach not nigh thereto. Thus doth Allah make clear His Signs to men: that they may learn self-restraint.

2:188

And do not eat up your property among yourselves for vanities, nor use it as bait for the judges, with intent that ye may eat up wrongfully and knowingly a little of (other) people’s property.

wa la ta’kuloo amwalakum baynakum bil batili wa tudloo bihaa ilal hukkami li ta’kuloo fareeqan min anwalin nasi bil ithmi wa antum ta’lamoon

4:10

Those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans, eat up a Fire into their own bodies: They will soon be enduring a Blazing Fire!

4:29

O ye who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities: But let there be amongst you Traffic and trade by mutual good-will: Nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily Allah hath been to you Most Merciful!

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanoo la ta’kuloo amwalakum baynakum bil batili illaa an takoona tijaratan ‘an taradhin minkum …

5:88

Eat of the things which Allah hath provided for you, lawful and good; but fear Allah, in Whom ye believe.

6:118

So eat of (meats) on which Allah’s name hath been pronounced, if ye have faith in His signs.

fa kuloo mimma zukirasmullaahi ‘alayhi in kuntum bi aayaatihii mu’mineen

6:119

Why should ye not eat of (meats) on which Allah’s name hath been pronounced, when He hath explained to you in detail what is forbidden to you – except under compulsion of necessity? But many do mislead (men) by their appetites unchecked by knowledge. Thy Lord knoweth best those who transgress.

… wa ma lakum alla ta’kuloo mimma zukirasmullaahi …

6:138

And they say that such and such cattle and crops are taboo, and none should eat of them except those whom – so they say – We wish; further, there are cattle forbidden to yoke or burden, and cattle on which, (at slaughter), the name of Allah is not pronounced; – inventions against Allah’s name: soon will He requite them for their inventions.

6:142

Of the cattle are some for burden and some for meat: eat what Allah hath provided for you, and follow not the footsteps of Satan: for he is to you and avowed enemy.

6:145

Say: “I find not in the message received by me by inspiration any (meat) forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it be dead meat, or blood poured forth, or the flesh of swine,- for it is an abomination – or, what is impious, (meat) on which a name has been invoked, other than Allah’s”. But (even so), if a person is forced by necessity, without wilful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits,- thy Lord is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

 

7:31

O Children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: But waste not by excess, for Allah loveth not the wasters.

yaa banee aadama khuzoo zeenatakum ‘inda kulli masjidin wa kuloo washraboo wa la tusrifoo …

20:54

Eat (for yourselves) and pasture your cattle: verily, in this are Signs for men endued with understanding.

22:36

The sacrificial camels we have made for you as among the symbols from Allah: in them is (much) good for you: then pronounce the name of Allah over them as they line up (for sacrifice): when they are down on their sides (after slaughter), eat ye thereof, and feed such as (beg not but) live in contentment, and such as beg with due humility: thus have We made animals subject to you, that ye may be grateful.

 

24:61

It is no fault in the blind nor in one born lame, nor in one afflicted with illness, nor in yourselves, that ye should eat in your own houses, or those of your fathers, or your mothers, or your brothers, or your sisters, or your father’s brothers or your father’s sisters, or your mohter’s brothers, or your mother’s sisters, or in houses of which the keys are in your possession, or in the house of a sincere friend of yours: there is no blame on you, whether ye eat in company or separately. But if ye enter houses, salute each other – a greeting of blessing and purity as from Allah. Thus does Allah make clear the signs to you: that ye may understand.

 

37:91

Then did he turn to their gods and said, “will ye not eat (of the offerings before you)?…

47:12

Verily Allah will admit those who believe and do righteous deeds, to Gardens beneath which rivers flow; while those who reject Allah will enjoy (this world) and eat as cattle eat; and the Fire will be their abode.

… wallazeena kafaroo yatamatta’oona wa wa ya’kuloona kama ta’kulul an’amu …

51:27

And placed it before them, he said, “Will ye not eat?”

faqarra bahuu ilayhim qala ala ta’kuloon

67:15

It is He Who has made the earth manageable for you, so traverse ye through its tracts and enjoy of the Sustenance which He furnishes: but unto Him is the Resurrection.

huwallazee ja’ala lakumul ardha zaloolan famshoo fee mana kibiha wa kuloo min rizqihii …

=================================

  • Ahl = People of

2:109

Quite a number of the People of the Book wish they could Turn you (people) back to infidelity after ye have believed, from selfish envy, after the Truth hath become Manifest unto them: But forgive and overlook, Till Allah accomplish His purpose; for Allah Hath power over all things.

wadda katheerun min ahlil kitaabi law yaruddoonakum min ba’di ieemanikum kuffaran …

3:64

Say: “O People of the Book! come to common terms as between us and you: That we worship none but Allah; that we associate no partners with him; that we erect not, from among ourselves, Lords and patrons other than Allah.” If then they turn back, say ye: “Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims (bowing to Allah’s Will).

qul yaa ahlal kitaabi ta’alaw ilaa kalimatin sawaa’in baynana wa baynakum alla na’buda illallaaha …

3:65

Ye People of the Book! Why dispute ye about Abraham, when the Law and the Gospel Were not revealed Till after him? Have ye no understanding?

yaa ahlal kitaabi lima tuhaajjoona fee ibraaheema wa maa unzilatin nooraatu wal injeelu illa min ba’dihi afala ta’qiloon

4:47

O ye People of the Book! believe in what We have (now) revealed, confirming what was (already) with you, before We change the face and fame of some (of you) beyond all recognition, and turn them hindwards, or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers, for the decision of Allah Must be carried out.

5:77

Say: “O people of the Book! exceed not in your religion the bounds (of what is proper), trespassing beyond the truth, nor follow the vain desires of people who went wrong in times gone by,- who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the even way.

qul yaa ahlal kitaabi la taghloo fee deenikum ghayral haqqi …

29:46

And dispute ye not with the People of the Book, except with means better (than mere disputation), unless it be with those of them who inflict wrong (and injury): but say, “We believe in the revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you; Our Allah and your Allah is one; and it is to Him we bow (in Islam).”

wa la tajadiloo ahlal kitaabi illa billatee hiya ahsanu …

98:6

Those who reject (Truth), among the People of the Book and among the Polytheists, will be in Hell-Fire, to dwell therein (for aye). They are the worst of creatures.

innallazeena kafaroo min ahlil kitaabi wal mushrikeena fee nari jahannama khaalideena feeha …

==================================

  • Mu’minoon = adopted faith, believers

4:25

If any of you have not the means wherewith to wed free believing women, they may wed believing girls from among those whom your right hands possess: And Allah hath full knowledge about your faith. Ye are one from another: Wed them with the leave of their owners, and give them their dowers, according to what is reasonable: They should be chaste, not lustful, nor taking paramours: when they are taken in wedlock, if they fall into shame, their punishment is half that for free women. This (permission) is for those among you who fear sin; but it is better for you that ye practise self-restraint. And Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

4:93

If a man kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein (For ever): And the wrath and the curse of Allah are upon him, and a dreadful penalty is prepared for him.

wa man yaftul mu’minan muta’ammidan fajazaa’uhu jahannamu khaalidan feeha …

4:124

If any do deeds of righteousness,- be they male or female – and have faith, they will enter Heaven, and not the least injustice will be done to them.

 

5:5

This day are (all) things good and pure made lawful unto you. The food of the People of the Book is lawful unto you and yours is lawful unto them. (Lawful unto you in marriage) are (not only) chaste women who are believers, but chaste women among the People of the Book, revealed before your time,- when ye give them their due dowers, and desire chastity, not lewdness, nor secret intrigues if any one rejects faith, fruitless is his work, and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost (all spiritual good).

9:71

The Believers, men and women, are protectors one of another: they enjoin what is just, and forbid what is evil: they observe regular prayers, practise regular charity, and obey Allah and His Messenger. On them will Allah pour His mercy: for Allah is Exalted in power, Wise.

wal mu’minoona wal mu’minaatu ba’dhuhum awliyaa’u ba’dhin ya’muroona bil ma’roofi …

9:72

Allah hath promised to Believers, men and women, gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein, and beautiful mansions in gardens of everlasting bliss. But the greatest bliss is the good pleasure of Allah: that is the supreme felicity.

wa’adallaahul mu’mineena wal mu’minaati jannaatin tajree min tahtihal anhaaru khaalideena feeha …

21:94

Whoever works any act of righteousness and has faith,- His endeavour will not be rejected: We shall record it in his favour

17:19

Those who do wish for the (things of) the Hereafter, and strive therefor with all due striving, and have Faith,- they are the ones whose striving is acceptable (to Allah).

wa man aradal aakhirata wasa’aa laha sa’yaha wa huwa mu’minun fa ulaa’ika kana sa’yuhum mashkoor

 

24:30

Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: And Allah is well acquainted with all that they do.

qul lil mu’mineena yaghudhdhoo min absarihim wa yahfazhoo furoo jahum …

24:31

And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband’s fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hands possess, or male servants free of physical needs, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex; and that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. And O ye Believers! turn ye all together towards Allah, that ye may attain Bliss.

wa qul lil mu’minaati yaghdhudhna min absarihinna wa yahfazhna furoo jahunna …

33:35

For Muslim men and women,- for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in Charity, for men and women who fast (and deny themselves), for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah’s praise,- for them has Allah prepared forgiveness and great reward.

innal muslimeena wal muslimaati wal mu’mineena wal mu’minaati …

33:36

It is not fitting for a Believer, man or woman, when a matter has been decided by Allah and His Messenger to have any option about their decision: if any one disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he is indeed on a clearly wrong Path.

wa ma kana li mu’minin wa la mu’minatin iza qadhallaahu wa rasooluhuu amran anyakoona lahumul khiyaratu min amrihim …

33:58

And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, bear (on themselves) a calumny and a glaring sin.

wallazeena yu’zoonal mu’mineena wal mu’minaati bighayri maktasaboo faqadih tamaloo buhtanan wa ithman mubeen

71:28

“O my Lord! Forgive me, my parents, all who enter my house in Faith, and (all) believing men and believing women: and to the wrong-doers grant Thou no increase but in perdition!”

rabbigh firlee wali walidayya wa liman dakhala baytiya mu’minan wa lil mu’mineena wal mu’minaati wa la tazidizh zhaalimeena illa tabaran

 

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  • Ameen = trustworthy, faithful, reliable

7:68

“I [Hud] but fulfil towards you the duties of my Lord’s mission: I am to you a sincere and trustworthy adviser.

uballighukum risaalaati rabbee wa ana lakum nasihun ameen

26:107

“I [Nuh] am to you a messenger worthy of all trust:

innee lakum rasoolun ameen

28:26

Said one of the (damsels): “O my (dear) father! engage him [Moses] on wages: truly the best of men for thee to employ is the (man) who is strong and trusty”….

… inna khayra manis ta’jartal qawiyyul ameen

=====================================

  • Aal = people, descendants, family members

2:248

And (further) their Prophet said to them: “A Sign of his authority is that there shall come to you the Ark of the covenant, with (an assurance) therein of security from your Lord, and the relics left by the family of Moses and the family of Aaron, carried by angels. In this is a symbol for you if ye indeed have faith.”

3:33

Allah did choose Adam and Noah, the family of Abraham, and the family of ‘Imran above all people,-

innallaahas tafaa aadama wa noohan wa aala ibraaheema wa aala ‘imraana ‘alal ‘aalameen

28:8

Then the people of Pharaoh picked him up (from the river): (It was intended) that (Moses) should be to them an adversary and a cause of sorrow: for Pharaoh and Haman and (all) their hosts were men of sin.

Fal taqatahuu aalu fir’awna liyakoona lahum ‘aduwwan wa hazanan …

40:28

A believer, a man from among the people of Pharaoh, who had concealed his faith, said: “Will ye slay a man because he says, ‘My Lord is Allah’?- when he has indeed come to you with Clear (Signs) from your Lord? and if he be a liar, on him is (the sin of) his lie: but, if he is telling the Truth, then will fall on you something of the (calamity) of which he warns you: Truly Allah guides not one who transgresses and lies!

Wa qala rajulun mu’minun min aali fir’awna …

==========================================

  • Annaa = as per wish, where from, how, where

13:41

See they not that We gradually reduce the land (in their control) from its outlying borders? (Where) Allah commands, there is none to put back His Command: and He is swift in calling to account.

8:7

Behold! Allah promised you one of the two (enemy) parties, that it should be yours: Ye wished that the one unarmed should be yours, but Allah willed to justify the Truth according to His words and to cut off the roots of the Unbelievers;-

21:17

If it had been Our wish to take (just) a pastime, We should surely have taken it from the things nearest to Us, if We would do (such a thing)!

28:5

And We wished to be Gracious to those who were being depressed in the land, to make them leaders (in Faith) and make them heirs,

3:47

She said: “O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man hath touched me?” He said: “Even so: Allah createth what He willeth: When He hath decreed a plan, He but saith to it, ‘Be,’ and it is!

qalat rabbi annaa yakoonu lee wa ladun wa lam yamsasnee basharun …

39:4

Had Allah wished to take to Himself a son, He could have chosen whom He pleased out of those whom He doth create: but Glory be to Him! (He is above such things.) He is Allah, the One, the Irresistible.

89:23 *

And Hell, that Day, is brought (face to face),- on that Day will man remember, but how will that remembrance profit him?

… yawma’izin yatazakkarul insanu wa annaa lahuz zikraa

==================================

  • Awwal = first

3:96

The first House (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakka: Full of blessing and of guidance for all kinds of beings:

inna awwala baytin wu dhi’a linnasi lallazee bi bakkata mubaarakan wa hudan lil ‘aalameen

5:114

Said Jesus the son of Mary: “O Allah our Lord! Send us from heaven a table set (with viands), that there may be for us – for the first and the last of us – a solemn festival and a sign from thee; and provide for our sustenance, for thou art the best Sustainer (of our needs).”

qala ‘ieesabnu maryamal laahumma rabbanaa anzil ‘alayna maa ‘idatan minas samaa’i takoonu lana ‘ieedan illa awwalina wa aakhirina …

6:14

Say: “Shall I take for my protector any other than Allah, the Maker of the heavens and the earth? And He it is that feedeth but is not fed.” Say: “Nay! but I am commanded to be the first of those who bow to Allah (in Islam), and be not thou of the company of those who join gods with Allah.”

6:163

No partner hath He: this am I commanded, and I am the first of those who bow to His will.

la shareeka lahu wa bizaalika umirtu wa ana awwalul muslimeen

9:83

If, then, Allah bring thee back to any of them, and they ask thy permission to come out (with thee), say: “Never shall ye come out with me, nor fight an enemy with me: for ye preferred to sit inactive on the first occasion: Then sit ye (now) with those who lag behind.”

9:100 awwaloon

The vanguard (of Islam)- the first of those who forsook (their homes) and of those who gave them aid, and (also) those who follow them in (all) good deeds,- well-pleased is Allah with them, as are they with Him: for them hath He prepared gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever: that is the supreme felicity.

Was sabiqoonal awwaloona minal muhaajireena wal ansari …

9:108

Never stand thou forth therein. There is a mosque whose foundation was laid from the first day on piety; it is more worthy of the standing forth (for prayer) therein. In it are men who love to be purified; and Allah loveth those who make themselves pure.

17:5

When the first of the warnings came to pass, We sent against you Our servants given to terrible warfare: They entered the very inmost parts of your homes; and it was a warning (completely) fulfilled.

 

21:104

The Day that We roll up the heavens like a scroll rolled up for books (completed),- even as We produced the first creation, so shall We produce a new one: a promise We have undertaken: truly shall We fulfil it.

43:81

“If (Allah) Most Gracious had a son, I would be the first to worship.”

qul in kana lirrahmaani waladun fa ana awwalul ‘aabideen

57:3

He is the First and the Last, the Evident and the Immanent: and He has full knowledge of all things.

huwal awwalu wal aakhiru wazhzhahiru wal batinu wa huwa bi kulli shay’in ‘aleem

 

==============================================

  • Al-Awwaleen = the ancestors, the ancients, the first, the forebearers

6:25

Of them there are some who (pretend to) listen to thee; but We have thrown veils on their hearts, So they understand it not, and deafness in their ears; if they saw every one of the signs, not they will believe in them; in so much that when they come to thee, they (but) dispute with thee; the Unbelievers say: “These are nothing but tales of the ancients.”

 

6:148

Those who give partners (to Allah) will say: “If Allah had wished, we should not have given partners to Him nor would our fathers; nor should we have had any taboos.” So did their ancestors argue falsely, until they tasted of Our wrath. Say: “Have ye any (certain) knowledge? If so, produce it before us. Ye follow nothing but conjecture: ye do nothing but lie.”

16:24

When it is said to them, “What is it that your Lord has revealed?” they say, “Tales of the ancients!”

wa iza qeela lahum mazaa anzala rabbukum qaloo asateerul awwaleen

 

44:8

There is no god but He: It is He Who gives life and gives death,- The Lord and Cherisher to you and your earliest ancestors.

laa ilaaha illa huwa yuhyee wa yumeetu rabbukum wa rabbu aabaa’ikumul awwaleen

83:13

When Our Signs are rehearsed to him, he says, “Tales of the ancients!”

iza tutlaa ‘alayhi aayaatuna qala asateerul awwaleen

===============================================

  • Yaa ayyuhaa = O you who

2:153

O ye who believe! seek help with patient perseverance and prayer; for Allah is with those who patiently persevere.

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanus ta’eenoo bis sabri was salaati innallaaha ma’as saabireen

2:208

O ye who believe! Enter into Islam whole-heartedly; and follow not the footsteps of the evil one; for he is to you an avowed enemy.

3:200

O ye who believe! Persevere in patience and constancy; vie in such perseverance; strengthen each other; and fear Allah; that ye may prosper.

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanus biroo wa sabiroo wa rabitoo wattaqullaaha la’allakum tuflihoon

4:19

O ye who believe! Ye are forbidden to inherit women against their will. Nor should ye treat them with harshness, that ye may Take away part of the dower ye have given them,-except where they have been guilty of open lewdness; on the contrary live with them on a footing of kindness and equity. If ye take a dislike to them it may be that ye dislike a thing, and Allah brings about through it a great deal of good.

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanoo laa yahillu lakum an tarithun nisaa’a karhan …

4:59

O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: That is best, and most suitable for final determination.

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanoo atee’ullaaha wa atee’urrasoola …

28:26

Said one of the (damsels): “O my (dear) father! engage him on wages: truly the best of men for thee to employ is the (man) who is strong and trusty”….

33:49

O ye who believe! When ye marry believing women, and then divorce them before ye have touched them, no period of ‘Iddat have ye to count in respect of them: so give them a present. And set them free in a handsome manner.

33:50

O Prophet! We have made lawful to thee thy wives to whom thou hast paid their dowers; and those whom thy right hand possesses out of the prisoners of war whom Allah has assigned to thee; and daughters of thy paternal uncles and aunts, and daughters of thy maternal uncles and aunts, who migrated (from Makka) with thee; and any believing woman who dedicates her soul to the Prophet if the Prophet wishes to wed her;- this only for thee, and not for the Believers (at large); We know what We have appointed for them as to their wives and the captives whom their right hands possess;- in order that there should be no difficulty for thee. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

yaa ayyuhan nabiyyu innaa ahlalna laka azuwajakallaatee aatayta ajoora hunna …

33:56

Allah and His angels send blessings on the Prophet: O ye that believe! Send ye blessings on him, and salute him with all respect.

57:28

O ye that believe! Fear Allah, and believe in His Messenger, and He will bestow on you a double portion of His Mercy: He will provide for you a Light by which ye shall walk (straight in your path), and He will forgive you (your past): for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanut taqullaaha wa aaminoo bi rasoolihii …

62:6

Say: “O ye that stand on Judaism! If ye think that ye are friends to Allah, to the exclusion of (other) men, then express your desire for Death, if ye are truthful!”

63:9

O ye who believe! Let not your riches or your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. If any act thus, the loss is their own.

 

66:8

O ye who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance: In the hope that your Lord will remove from you your ills and admit you to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow,- the Day that Allah will not permit to be humiliated the Prophet and those who believe with him. Their Light will run forward before them and by their right hands, while they say, “Our Lord! Perfect our Light for us, and grant us Forgiveness: for Thou hast power over all things.”

74:1

O thou wrapped up (in the mantle)!

Yaa ayyuhal muddaththiru

====================================================

Ba’sunaa = our distress, strength, fortitude, courage, conflict

2:177

It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces Towards east or West; but it is righteousness- to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity; to fulfil the contracts which ye have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering [or distress – Shakir’s translation]) and adversity, and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the Allah-fearing.

… was saabireena fil ba’saa’i …

2:214

Or do ye think that ye shall enter the Garden (of bliss) without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? they encountered suffering and adversity, and were so shaken in spirit that even the Messenger and those of faith who were with him cried: “When (will come) the help of Allah?” Ah! Verily, the help of Allah is (always) near!

… massat humul ba’saa’u wadh dharraa’u wa zulziloo hattaa yaqoolar rasoolu …

6:42

Before thee We sent (messengers) to many nations, and We afflicted the nations with suffering and adversity, that they might learn humility.

7:94

Whenever We sent a prophet to a town, We took up its people in suffering and adversity, in order that they might learn humility.

wa maa arsalnaa fee qaryatin min nabiyyin illaa akhaznaa ahlaha bil ba’saa’i wadh dharraa’i la’allahum yadhdharra’oon

======================================

  • Bi’sa = how bad, miserable to feign, distress

2:90

Miserable is the price for which they have sold their souls, in that they deny (the revelation) which Allah has sent down, in insolent envy that Allah of His Grace should send it to any of His servants He pleases: Thus have they drawn on themselves Wrath upon Wrath. And humiliating is the punishment of those who reject Faith.

bi’sa mashtaraw bihii anfusahum …

3:187

And remember Allah took a covenant from the People of the Book, to make it known and clear to mankind, and not to hide it; but they threw it away behind their backs, and purchased with it some miserable gain! And vile was the bargain they made!

… fa bi’sa maa yashtaroon

49:11

O ye who believe! Let not some men among you laugh at others: It may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): Nor let some women laugh at others: It may be that the (latter are better than the (former): Nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames: Ill-seeming is a name connoting wickedness, (to be used of one) after he has believed: And those who do not desist are (indeed) doing wrong.

… bi’sa ismul fusooqu ba’dal ieemaani wa man lam yatub fa uulaa’ika humuzhzhaalimoon

=================================

  • Al-bahr = the ocean, the sea

2:50

And remember We divided the sea for you and saved you and drowned Pharaoh’s people within your very sight.

wa iz faraqnaa bi kumul bahra fa anjaynaakum wa aghraqnaa aala fir’awna wa antum tanzhuroon

2:164

Behold! in the creation of the heavens and the earth; in the alternation of the night and the day; in the sailing of the ships through the ocean for the profit of mankind; in the rain which Allah Sends down from the skies, and the life which He gives therewith to an earth that is dead; in the beasts of all kinds that He scatters through the earth; in the change of the winds, and the clouds which they Trail like their slaves between the sky and the earth;- (Here) indeed are Signs for a people that are wise.

… wal fulkillatee tajree fil bahri bi maa yanfa’un naasa …

6:97

It is He Who maketh the stars (as beacons) for you, that ye may guide yourselves, with their help, through the dark spaces of land and sea: We detail Our signs for people who know.

26:63

Then We told Moses by inspiration: “Strike the sea with thy rod.” So it divided, and each separate part became like the huge, firm mass of a mountain.

fa awhaynaa ilaa moosaa anidhrib bi’asaakal bahra …

31:27

And if all the trees on earth were pens and the ocean (were ink), with seven oceans behind it to add to its (supply), yet would not the words of Allah be exhausted (in the writing): for Allah is Exalted in Power, full of Wisdom.

wa law anna maa fil ardhi min shajaratin aqlaamun wal bahru yamudduhu min ba’dihii sab’atu abhurin maa nafidat kalimaatullaahi …

31:31

Seest thou not that the ships sail through the ocean by the Grace of Allah?- that He may show you of His Signs? Verily in this are Signs for all who constantly persevere and give thanks.

alam tara annal fulka tajree fil bahri bi ni’matillaahi liyuri yakum min aayaatihii …

55:24

And His are the Ships sailing smoothly through the seas, lofty as mountains:

==========================================

  • Al-bar = the land, the mainland

5:96

Lawful to you is the pursuit of water-game and its use for food,- for the benefit of yourselves and those who travel; but forbidden is the pursuit of land-game;- as long as ye are in the sacred precincts or in pilgrim garb. And fear Allah, to Whom ye shall be gathered back.

… wa hurrima ‘alaykum saydul barri maa dumtum huruman …

6:59

With Him are the keys of the unseen, the treasures that none knoweth but He. He knoweth whatever there is on the earth and in the sea. Not a leaf doth fall but with His knowledge: there is not a grain in the darkness (or depths) of the earth, nor anything fresh or dry (green or withered), but is (inscribed) in a record clear (to those who can read).

wa ‘indahu mafaatihul ghaybi laa ya’lamuhaa illaa huwa wa ya’lamu maa fil barri wal bahri …

6:97

It is He Who maketh the stars (as beacons) for you, that ye may guide yourselves, with their help, through the dark spaces of land and sea: We detail Our signs for people who know.

wa huwallazee ja’ala lakumun nujooma litahtadoo bihaa fee zhulumaatil barri wal bahri …

=============================================

  • Aayaat = verses, signs, sentences of the Quran

2:106

None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We substitute something better or similar: Knowest thou not that Allah Hath power over all things?

maa nansakh min aayatin aw nunsihaa na’ti bikhayrin minhaa aw mithlihaa …

3:7

He it is Who has sent down to thee the Book: In it are verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning); they are the foundation of the Book: others are allegorical. But those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part thereof that is allegorical, seeking discord, and searching for its hidden meanings, but no one knows its hidden meanings except Allah. And those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: “We believe in the Book; the whole of it is from our Lord:” and none will grasp the Message except men of understanding.

huwallazee anzala ‘alaykal kitaaba minhu aayaatun muhkamaatun hunna ummul kitaabi wa ukharu mutathaabihaatun …

26:2

These are verses of the Book that makes (things) clear.

tilka aayaatul kitaabil mubeen

38:29

Here is) a Book which We have sent down unto thee, full of blessings, that they may mediate on its Signs, and that men of understanding may receive admonition.

kitaabun anzalnaahu ilayka mubaarakun liyaddabbaroo aayaatihii wa liyatazakara oolool albaab

4:153

The people of the Book ask thee to cause a book to descend to them from heaven: Indeed they asked Moses for an even greater (miracle), for they said: “Show us Allah in public,” but they were dazed for their presumption, with thunder and lightning. Yet they worshipped the calf even after clear signs had come to them; even so we forgave them; and gave Moses manifest proofs of authority.

30:58

verily We have propounded for men, in this Qur’an every kind of Parable: But if thou bring to them any Sign, the Unbelievers are sure to say, “Ye do nothing but talk vanities.”

… wa la’in ji’tahum bi aayatin layaqoo lannallazeena kafaroo in antum illaa mubtiloon

54:2

But if they see a Sign, they turn away, and say, “This is (but) transient magic.”

2:164

Behold! in the creation of the heavens and the earth; in the alternation of the night and the day; in the sailing of the ships through the ocean for the profit of mankind; in the rain which Allah Sends down from the skies, and the life which He gives therewith to an earth that is dead; in the beasts of all kinds that He scatters through the earth; in the change of the winds, and the clouds which they Trail like their slaves between the sky and the earth;- (Here) indeed are Signs for a people that are wise.

… la aayaatin liqawmin ya’qiloon

========================================

  • ooloo or oolee = possessors of, owners of

8:75

And those who accept Faith subsequently, and adopt exile, and fight for the Faith in your company,- they are of you. But kindred by blood have prior rights against each other in the Book of Allah. Verily Allah is well-acquainted with all things.

… wa oolul arhaami ba’dhuhum awlaa biba’dhin fee kitaabillaahi …

24:22

Let not those among you who are endued with grace and amplitude of means resolve by oath against helping their kinsmen, those in want, and those who have left their homes in Allah’s cause: let them forgive and overlook, do you not wish that Allah should forgive you? For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

wa laa ya’tali oolul fadhli minkum wassa’ati an yu’too oolil qurbaa wal masaakeena …

27:33

They said: “We are endued with strength, and given to vehement war: but the command is with thee; so consider what thou wilt command.”

 

38:29

Here is) a Book which We have sent down unto thee, full of blessings, that they may mediate on its Signs, and that men of understanding may receive admonition.

kitaabun anzalnaahu ilayka mubaarakun liyaddabbaroo aayaatihii wa liyatazakara oolul albaab

38:45

And commemorate Our Servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, possessors of Power and Vision.

waz kur ‘ibaadanaa ibraaheema wa ishaaqa wa ya’qooba oolil aydee wal absaar

============================================

  • ma’waahum = their abode, their accommodation, their lodge

3:151

Soon shall We cast terror into the hearts of the Unbelievers, for that they joined companions with Allah, for which He had sent no authority: their abode will be the Fire: And evil is the home of the wrong-doers!

… wa ma’waahumun naaru wa bi’sa mathwazh zhaalimeen

3:197

Little is it for enjoyment: Their ultimate abode is Hell: what an evil bed (To lie on)!

4:97

When angels take the souls of those who die in sin against their souls, they say: “In what (plight) Were ye?” They reply: “Weak and oppressed Were we in the earth.” They say: “Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to move yourselves away (From evil)?” Such men will find their abode in Hell,- What an evil refuge! –

… fa uulaa’ika ma’waahum jahannamu wa saa’at maseer

5:72

They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah,- Allah will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.

… innahu man yushrik billaahi faqad harramallaahu ‘alayhil jannata wa ma’waahun naaru …

24:57

Never think thou that the Unbelievers are going to frustrate (Allah’s Plan) on earth: their abode is the Fire,- and it is indeed an evil refuge!

laa tahsabannallazeena kafaroo mu’jizeena fil ardhi wa ma’waahumun naaru wa la bi’sal maseer

=========================================

  • Ayna = whither?, where?

 

2:115

To Allah belong the east and the West: Whithersoever ye turn, there is the presence of Allah. For Allah is all-Pervading, all-Knowing.

wa lillaahil mashriqu wal maghribu fa aynamaa tuwalloo fathamma wajhullaahi …

6:22

One day shall We gather them all together: We shall say to those who ascribed partners (to Us): “Where are the partners whom ye (invented and) talked about?”

wa yawma nahthuru hum jamee’an thumma naqoolu lillazeena ashrakoo ayna shurakaa’u kumullazeena kuntum taz’umoon

26:92

“And it shall be said to them: ‘Where are the (gods) ye worshipped-

wa qeela lahum aynamaa kuntum ta’budoon

75:10

That Day will Man say: “Where is the refuge?”

yaqoolul insaanu yawma’izin aynal mafarru

===============================

  • Ayyu = which?

22:45

How many populations have We destroyed, which were given to wrong-doing? They tumbled down on their roofs. And how many wells are lying idle and neglected, and castles lofty and well-built?

 

27:38

He said (to his own men): “Ye chiefs! which of you can bring me her throne before they come to me in submission?”

qaala yaa ayyuhal mala’u ayyukum ya’teenee bi’arshihaa qabla an ya’toonee muslimeen

55:13

Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?

Fabi ayyi aalaa’i rabbikumaa tukazzibaan

=======================================

  • Bash-shir = give good tidings
  • Bushraa = good news, glad tidings

2:25

But give glad tidings to those who believe and work righteousness, that their portion is Gardens, beneath which rivers flow. Every time they are fed with fruits therefrom, they say: “Why, this is what we were fed with before,” for they are given things in similitude; and they have therein companions pure (and holy); and they abide therein (for ever).

wa bash-shiril lazeena aamanoo wa ‘amilus saalihaati anna lahum jannaatin tajree min tahtihal anhaaru …

2:155

Be sure we shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil), but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere,

… wa bash-shiris saabireen

2:223

Your wives are as a tilth unto you; so approach your tilth when or how ye will; but do some good act for your souls beforehand; and fear Allah. And know that ye are to meet Him (in the Hereafter), and give (these) good tidings to those who believe.

3:45

Behold! the angels said: “O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honour in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to Allah;

 

9:112

Those that turn (to Allah) in repentance; that serve Him, and praise Him; that wander in devotion to the cause of Allah,: that bow down and prostrate themselves in prayer; that enjoin good and forbid evil; and observe the limit set by Allah;- (These do rejoice). So proclaim the glad tidings to the Believers.

… wal haafizhoona li hudoodillaahi wa bash-shiril mu’mineen

10:87

We inspired Moses and his brother with this Message: “Provide dwellings for your people in Egypt, make your dwellings into places of worship, and establish regular prayers: and give glad tidings to those who believe!”

11:71

And his wife was standing (there), and she laughed: But we gave her glad tidings of Isaac, and after him, of Jacob.

 

15:54

He said: “Do ye give me glad tidings that old age has seized me? Of what, then, is your good news?”

qaala a-bash-shar tumoonee ‘alaa an massaniyal kibaru fabimatu bash-shiroon

17:9

Verily this Qur’an doth guide to that which is most right (or stable), and giveth the Glad Tidings to the Believers who work deeds of righteousness, that they shall have a magnificent reward;

18:56

We only send the messengers to give Glad Tidings and to give warnings: But the unbelievers dispute with vain argument, in order therewith to weaken the truth, and they treat My Signs as a jest, as also the fact that they are warned

25:48

And He it is Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His mercy, and We send down pure water from the sky,-

wa huwallazee arsalar riyaaha bushran bayna yaday rahmatihii …

30:46

Among His Signs is this, that He sends the Winds, as heralds of Glad Tidings, giving you a taste of His (Grace and) Mercy,- that the ships may sail (majestically) by His Command and that ye may seek of His Bounty: in order that ye may be grateful.

33:45

O Prophet! Truly We have sent thee as a Witness, a Bearer of Glad Tidings, and Warner,-

yaa ayyuhan nabiyyu innaa arsalnaaka shaahidan wa mu-bash-shiran …

39:17

Those who eschew Evil,- and fall not into its worship,- and turn to Allah (in repentance),- for them is Good News: so announce the Good News to My Servants,-

wallazeenaj tanabut taaghoota an ya’budoohaa wa anaboo ilallaahi lahumul bushraa fa bash-shiru ‘ibaad

61:6

And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: “O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.” But when he came to them with Clear Signs, they said, “this is evident sorcery!”

…yaa banee israa’eela innee rasoolullaahi ilaykum musaddi qanlimaa bayna ya dayya minan nooraati wa mu-bash-shiran bi rasoolin ya’tee min ba’dismuhuu ahmadu …

================================

  • Bashar(u), Basharan = man, human being, mankind

3:79

It is not (possible) that a man, to whom is given the Book, and Wisdom, and the prophetic office, should say to people: “Be ye my worshippers rather than Allah’s”: on the contrary (He would say) “Be ye worshippers of Him Who is truly the Cherisher of all: For ye have taught the Book and ye have studied it earnestly.”

maa kaana li basharin an yu’tiyahullaahul kitaaba wal hukma …

14:11

Their messengers said to them: “True, we are human like yourselves, but Allah doth grant His grace to such of his servants as He pleases. It is not for us to bring you an authority except as Allah permits. And on Allah let all men of faith put their trust.

qaalat lahum rusuluhum innahnu illa basharun mithlukum …

30:20

Among His Signs in this, that He created you from dust; and then,- behold, ye are men scattered (far and wide)!

wa min aayaatihii an khalaqakum min turabi thumma izaa antum basharun tantashiroon

36:15

The (people) said: “Ye are only men like ourselves; and (Allah) Most Gracious sends no sort of revelation: ye do nothing but lie.”

64:6

That was because there came to them messengers with Clear Signs, but they said: “Shall (mere) human beings direct us?” So they rejected (the Message) and turned away. But Allah can do without (them): and Allah is free of all needs, worthy of all praise.

zaalika bi annahu kaanat ta’teehim rusuluhum bil bayyinaati fa qaaloo a-basharun yahdoo nanaa fa kafaroo …

==============================================

  • yabsutt = increases, to extend, stretch

5:11

O ye who believe! Call in remembrance the favour of Allah unto you when certain men formed the design to stretch out their hands against you, but (Allah) held back their hands from you: so fear Allah. And on Allah let believers put (all) their trust.

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanuz kuroo ni’matallaahi ‘alaykum iz hamma qawmun an yabsutoo ilaykum aydiyahum fakaffa aydiyahum ‘ankum wattaqullaaha …

5:28

“If thou dost stretch thy hand against me, to slay me, it is not for me to stretch my hand against thee to slay thee: for I do fear Allah, the cherisher of the worlds.

la’in basatta ilayya yadaka litaqtulanee maa ana bi basitin yadiya ilayka …

13:14

For Him (alone) is prayer in Truth: any others that they call upon besides Him hear them no more than if they were to stretch forth their hands for water to reach their mouths but it reaches them not: for the prayer of those without Faith is nothing but (futile) wandering (in the mind).

17:29

Make not thy hand tied (like a niggard’s) to thy neck, nor stretch it forth to its utmost reach, so that thou become blameworthy and destitute.

17:30

Verily thy Lord doth provide sustenance in abundance for whom He pleaseth, and He provideth in a just measure. For He doth know and regard all His servants.

inna rabbaka yabsutur rizqa liman yashaa’u wa yaqdiru …

60:2

If they were to get the better of you, they would behave to you as enemies, and stretch forth their hands and their tongues against you for evil: and they desire that ye should reject the Truth.

in yashqafoo kum yakoonoo lakum a’daa’an wa yabsutoo ilaykum aydiyahum …

==============================

  • Absaarihim = their eyes

2:7

Allah hath set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing, and on their eyes is a veil; great is the penalty they (incur).

khatamallaahu ‘alaa quloobihim wa ‘alaa sam’ihim wa ‘alaa absaarihim ghishaawatun …

32:9

He fashioned him in due proportion, and breathed into him something of His spirit. And He gave you (the faculties of) hearing and sight and feeling (and understanding): little thanks do ye give!

thumma sawwaahu wa nafakha feehi min roohihii wa ja’ala lakumus samu’a wal absaara wal af’idata …

41:20

At length, when they reach the (Fire), their hearing, their sight, and their skins will bear witness against them, as to (all) their deeds.

hattaa iza maajaa’oohaa shahida ‘alayhim sam’uhum wa absaaruhum wa julooduhum bimaa kaanoo ya’maloon

67:23

Say: “It is He Who has created you (and made you grow), and made for you the faculties of hearing, seeing, feeling and understanding: little thanks it is ye give.

68:51

And the Unbelievers would almost trip thee up with their eyes when they hear the Message; and they say: “Surely he is possessed!”

wa inyakadullazeena kafaroo layuz liqoonaka bi absaarihim lammaa sami’uz zikra …

 

79:9

Cast down will be (their owners’) eyes.

absaaruha khaashi’ah

 

======================================

  • al-Baatil = the false, the futile, the baseless, the useless

2:42

And cover not Truth with falsehood, nor conceal the Truth when ye know (what it is).

wa laa talbisul haqqa bil baatili wa taktumul haqqa wa antum ta’lamoon

8:8

That He might justify Truth and prove Falsehood false, distasteful though it be to those in guilt.

29:67

Do they not then see that We have made a sanctuary secure, and that men are being snatched away from all around them? Then, do they believe in that which is vain, and reject the Grace of Allah?

… afabil baatili yu’minoona wa bi ni’matillaahi yakfuroon

42:24

What! Do they say, “He has forged a falsehood against Allah”? But if Allah willed, He could seal up thy heart. And Allah blots out Vanity, and proves the Truth by His Words. For He knows well the secrets of all hearts.

47:3

This because those who reject Allah follow vanities, while those who believe follow the Truth from their Lord: Thus does Allah set forth for men their lessons by similitudes.

zaalika bi annallazeena kafarut taba’ul baatila …

===================================

  • Ba’eed = far away, distant, remote

4:116

Allah forgiveth not (The sin of) joining other gods with Him; but He forgiveth whom He pleaseth other sins than this: one who joins other gods with Allah, Hath strayed far, far away (from the right).

… wa man yushrik billaahi faqad dhalla dhalaalan ba’eed

14:3

Those who love the life of this world more than the Hereafter, who hinder (men) from the Path of Allah and seek therein something crooked: they are astray by a long distance.

… oolaa’ika fee dhalaalin ba’eed

50:31

And the Garden will be brought nigh to the Righteous,- no more a thing distant.

=======================================

  • Ba’d = after, in addition to, beside

2:27

Those who break Allah’s Covenant after it is ratified, and who sunder what Allah Has ordered to be joined, and do mischief on earth: These cause loss (only) to themselves.

allazeena yanqudhoona ‘ahdallaahi min ba’di meethaa qihii …

4:115

If anyone contends with the Messenger even after guidance has been plainly conveyed to him, and follows a path other than that becoming to men of Faith, We shall leave him in the path he has chosen, and land him in Hell,- what an evil refuge!

 

24:33

Let those who find not the wherewithal for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allah gives them means out of His grace. And if any of your slaves ask for a deed in writing (to enable them to earn their freedom for a certain sum), give them such a deed if ye know any good in them: yea, give them something yourselves out of the means which Allah has given to you. But force not your maids to prostitution when they desire chastity, in order that ye may make a gain in the goods of this life. But if anyone compels them, yet, after such compulsion, is Allah, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (to them),

… wa man yukrih hunna fa innallaaha min ba’di ikraahi hinna ghafoorun raheem

24:55

Allah has promised, to those among you who believe and work righteous deeds, that He will, of a surety, grant them in the land, inheritance (of power), as He granted it to those before them; that He will establish in authority their religion – the one which He has chosen for them; and that He will change (their state), after the fear in which they (lived), to one of security and peace: ‘They will worship Me (alone) and not associate aught with Me. ‘If any do reject Faith after this, they are rebellious and wicked.

… wa la yubaddi lannahum min ba’di khawfihim amnan …

26:227

Except those who believe, work righteousness, engage much in the remembrance of Allah, and defend themselves only after they are unjustly attacked. And soon will the unjust assailants know what vicissitudes their affairs will take!

illallazeena aamanoo wa ‘amilus saalihaati wa zakarullaaha katheeran wan tasaroo min ba’di maa dhulimoo …

49:11

O ye who believe! Let not some men among you laugh at others: It may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): Nor let some women laugh at others: It may be that the (latter are better than the (former): Nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames: Ill-seeming is a name connoting wickedness, (to be used of one) after he has believed: And those who do not desist are (indeed) doing wrong.

…bi’sa ismul fusooqu ba’dal ieemaani wa man lam yatub fa oolaa’ika humudh dhaalimoon

61:6

And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: “O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.” But when he came to them with Clear Signs, they said, “this is evident sorcery!”

… wa mubashshiran bi rasoolin ya’tee min ba’dis muhuu ahmadu …

65:7

Let the man of means spend according to his means: and the man whose resources are restricted, let him spend according to what Allah has given him. Allah puts no burden on any person beyond what He has given him. After a difficulty, Allah will soon grant relief.

… laa yukallifullaahu nafsan illa maa aataahaa sayaj’alullaahu ba’da ‘usrin yusra

98:4

Nor did the People of the Book make schisms, until after there came to them Clear Evidence.

wa maa tafarra qallazeena ootul kitaaba illa min ba’di maa jaa’athumul bayyinah

===========================

  • Balaa = yes, why not, yes indeed

2:112

Nay [yes! – Shakir’s translation],-whoever submits His whole self to Allah and is a doer of good,- He will get his reward with his Lord; on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

balaa man aslama wajhahu lillaahi wa huwa muhsinun falahuu ajruhu ‘inda rabbihii …

40:50

They will say: “Did there not come to you your messengers with Clear Signs?” They will say, “Yes”. They will reply, “Then pray (as ye like)! But the prayer of those without Faith is nothing but (futile wandering) in (mazes of) error!”

qaaloo awalam taku ta’teekum rusulukum bil bayyinaati qaaloo balaa …

67:9

They will say: “Yes indeed; a Warner did come to us, but we rejected him and said, ‘Allah never sent down any (Message): ye are nothing but an egregious delusion!'”

qaaloo balaa qadjaa’anaa nazeerun …

===================================

  • Baghtah = all of a sudden, surprise

7:95

Then We changed their suffering into prosperity, until they grew and multiplied, and began to say: “Our fathers (too) were touched by suffering and affluence” … Behold! We called them to account of a sudden, while they realised not (their peril).

6:31

Lost indeed are they who treat it as a falsehood that they must meet Allah,- until on a sudden the hour is on them, and they say: “Ah! woe unto us that we took no thought of it”; for they bear their burdens on their backs, and evil indeed are the burdens that they bear?

qad khasirallazeena kazzaboo biliqaa’illaahi hattaa iza jaa’at humus saa’atu baghtatan …

7:187

They ask thee about the (final) Hour – when will be its appointed time? Say: “The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (alone): None but He can reveal as to when it will occur. Heavy were its burden through the heavens and the earth. Only, all of a sudden will it come to you.” They ask thee as if thou Wert eager in search thereof: Say: “The knowledge thereof is with Allah (alone), but most men know not.”

… thaqulat fis samaawaati wal ardhi laa ta’teekum illaa baghtatan …

39:55

“And follow the best of (the courses) revealed to you from your Lord, before the Penalty comes on you – of a sudden while ye perceive not!-

wattabi’oo ahsana maa unzila ilaykum min rabbikum min qabli an ya’tiyakumul ‘azaabu baghtatan wa antum laa tash’uroon

============================================

  • ba’dd = a few, some, a part, a portion

66:3

When the Prophet disclosed a matter in confidence to one of his consorts, and she then divulged it (to another), and Allah made it known to him, he confirmed part thereof and repudiated a part. Then when he told her thereof, she said, “Who told thee this? “He said, “He told me Who knows and is well-acquainted (with all things).”

wa iz asarran nabiyyu ilaa ba’ddi azwaajihii hadeethan falammaa nabba-at bihii wa azhharahullaahu ‘alayhi ‘arrafa ba’ddahu …

=================================

  • Al-baab = the door, the entrance
  • Abwaab pl. of al-baab

2:58

And remember We said: “Enter this town, and eat of the plenty therein as ye wish; but enter the gate with humility, in posture and in words, and We shall forgive you your faults and increase (the portion of) those who do good.”

12:25

So they both raced each other to the door, and she tore his shirt from the back: they both found her lord near the door. She said: “What is the (fitting) punishment for one who formed an evil design against thy wife, but prison or a grievous chastisement?”

7:161

And remember it was said to them: “Dwell in this town and eat therein as ye wish, but say the word of humility and enter the gate in a posture of humility: We shall forgive you your faults; We shall increase (the portion of) those who do good.”

wa iz qeela lahumus kunoo haazihil qaryata wa kuloo minhaa haythu shi’tum wa qooloo hittatun wad khulul baaba sujjadan naghfirlakum khatee’atikum …

13:23

Gardens of perpetual bliss: they shall enter there, as well as the righteous among their fathers, their spouses, and their offspring: and angels shall enter unto them from every gate (with the salutation):

… wal malaa’ikatu yad khuloona ‘alayhim min kulli baab

15:44

To it [Hell] are seven gates: for each of those gates is a (special) class (of sinners) assigned.

lahaa sab’atu abwaabin likulli baabin minhum juz’un maqsoom

2:189

They ask thee concerning the New Moons. Say: They are but signs to mark fixed periods of time in (the affairs of) men, and for Pilgrimage. It is no virtue if ye enter your houses from the back: It is virtue if ye fear Allah. Enter houses through the proper doors: And fear Allah: That ye may prosper.

7:40

To those who reject Our signs and treat them with arrogance, no opening will there be of the gates of heaven, nor will they enter the garden, until the camel can pass through the eye of the needle: Such is Our reward for those in sin.

39:71

The Unbelievers will be led to Hell in crowd: until, when they arrive, there, its gates will be opened. And its keepers will say, “Did not messengers come to you from among yourselves, rehearsing to you the Signs of your Lord, and warning you of the Meeting of This Day of yours?” The answer will be: “True: but the Decree of Punishment has been proved true against the Unbelievers!”

… hattaa izaa jaa’oohaa futihat abwaabuhaa wa qaala lahum khazanat-haa alam ya’tikum rusulun minkum yatloona ‘alaykum aayaati rabbikum …

39:73

And those who feared their Lord will be led to the Garden in crowds: until behold, they arrive there; its gates will be opened; and its keepers will say: “Peace be upon you! well have ye done! enter ye here, to dwell therein.”

… hatta izaa jaa’oohaa wa futihat abwabuhaa wa qaala lahum khazanatuhaa salaamun ‘alaykum tibtum fad khuloohaa khaalideen

============================

  • Al-bayt = the house, the dwelling place buyoot pl.

2:125

Remember We made the House a place of assembly for men and a place of safety; and take ye the station of Abraham as a place of prayer; and We covenanted with Abraham and Isma’il, that they should sanctify My House for those who compass it round, or use it as a retreat, or bow, or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer).

wa iz ja’alnal bayta mathaabatan linnaasi wa amnan …

3:96

The first House (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakka: Full of blessing and of guidance for all kinds of beings:

inna awwala baytin wudhi’a linnaasi lallazee bi bakkata mubaarakan wa hudan lil’aalameen

24:27

O ye who believe! enter not houses other than your own, until ye have asked permission and saluted those in them: that is best for you, in order that ye may heed (what is seemly).

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanoo laa tad khuloo buyootan ghayra buyootikum hattaa tasta’nisoo wa tusallimoo ‘alaa ahlihaa …

24:28

If ye find no one in the house, enter not until permission is given to you: if ye are asked to go back, go back: that makes for greater purity for yourselves: and Allah knows well all that ye do.

33:33

And stay quietly in your houses, and make not a dazzling display, like that of the former Times of Ignorance; and establish regular Prayer, and give regular Charity; and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah only wishes to remove all abomination from you, ye members of the Family, and to make you pure and spotless.

wa qarna fee buyootikunna wa laa tabarrajna tabarruja jaahiliyyatil oolaa …

71:28

“O my Lord! Forgive me, my parents, all who enter my house in Faith, and (all) believing men and believing women: and to the wrong-doers grant Thou no increase but in perdition!”

106:3

Let them adore the Lord of this House,

fal ya’budoo rabba haazal bayt

==================================

  • Al-Balaagh = announcement, proclamation

5:67

O Messenger! proclaim the (message) which hath been sent to thee from thy Lord. If thou didst not, thou wouldst not have fulfilled and proclaimed His mission. And Allah will defend thee from men (who mean mischief). For Allah guideth not those who reject Faith.

yaa ayyuhar rasoolu balligh maa unzila ilayka min rabbika …

================================

  • ibn = son, child, descendant, offspring
  • banee = sons, children
  • baneen = sons, descendants
  • banaat = daughters, girls

66:12

And Mary the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity; and We breathed into (her body) of Our spirit; and she testified to the truth of the words of her Lord and of His Revelations, and was one of the devout (servants).

wa maryama-bnata ‘imraanallatee ahsanat farjahaa fanafakhnaa feehi …

4:23

Prohibited to you (For marriage) are:- Your mothers, daughters, sisters; father’s sisters, Mother’s sisters; brother’s daughters, sister’s daughters; foster-mothers (Who gave you suck), foster-sisters; your wives’ mothers; your step-daughters under your guardianship, born of your wives to whom ye have gone in,- no prohibition if ye have not gone in;- (Those who have been) wives of your sons proceeding from your loins; and two sisters in wedlock at one and the same time, except for what is past; for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful;-

16:72

And Allah has made for you mates (and companions) of your own nature, and made for you, out of them, sons and daughters and grandchildren, and provided for you sustenance of the best: will they then believe in vain things, and be ungrateful for Allah’s favours?-

wallaahu ja’ala lakum min anfusikum azwajan wa ja’ala lakum min azwajikum baneena wa hafadatan wa razaqakum minat tayyibaati …

33:59

Prophet! Tell thy wives and daughters, and the believing women, that they should cast their outer garments over their persons (when abroad): that is most convenient, that they should be known (as such) and not molested. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

yaa ayyuhan nabiyyu qulli azwajika wa banaatika wa nisa’il mu’mineena …

15:53

They said: “Fear not! We give thee glad tidings of a son endowed with wisdom.”

31:13

Behold, Luqman said to his son by way of instruction: “O my son! join not in worship (others) with Allah: for false worship is indeed the highest wrong-doing.”

wa iz qaala luqmaanu ibnihee wa huwa ya’izhuhu yaa bunayya laa tushrik billaahi innash shirka lazhulmun ‘azheem

61:6

And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: “O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.” But when he came to them with Clear Signs, they said, “this is evident sorcery!”

wa iz qaala ‘eesa-bnu maryama yaa banee israa’eela innee rasoolullaahi ilaykum musaddiqanli maabayna yadayya minat tawraati …

2:132

And this was the legacy that Abraham left to his sons, and so did Jacob; “Oh my sons! Allah hath chosen the Faith for you; then die not except in the Faith of Islam.”

wa wassaa bihaa ibraaheemu baneehi wa ya’qoobu …

3:14

Fair in the eyes of men is the love of things they covet: Women and sons; Heaped-up hoards of gold and silver; horses branded (for blood and excellence); and (wealth of) cattle and well-tilled land. Such are the possessions of this world’s life; but in nearness to Allah is the best of the goals (To return to).

zuyyina linnaasi hubbush shahawaati minan nisaa’i wal baneena …

===================================

  • Al-thamaraat = the fruits

14:37

O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring to dwell in a valley without cultivation, by Thy Sacred House; In order, O our Lord, that they may establish regular prayer:So fill the hearts of some among men with love towards them, and feed them with Fruits:So that they may give thanks.

rabbana inni askantu min zuriyati…menas thamaraati la’allahum tashkuroon

 

16:11

With it He produces for you corn, olives, date palms, grapes, and every kind of fruit: Verily in this is a Sign for those who give thought.

yumbitu lakum bihi…wa min kullis thamaraati inna fi zalika la ayatal liqaumin yatafakkarun.

16:67

And from the fruit of the date palm and the vine, you get out wholesome drink, and food:in this also is a Sign for those who are wise.

wa min thamaraatin nakhli…liqawmi ya’qiloon

 

=================================

  • Ibtighaa = favour, desire, wish

92:20

But only the desire to seek for the Countenance of their Lord Most High;

illa-btighaa’a wajhi rabbihil a’laa

====================================

  • Thamood = people of Salih

7:73

To the Thamud people (We sent) Salih, one of their own brethren: He said: “O my people! worship Allah: ye have no other god but Him. Now hath come unto you a clear (Sign) from your Lord! This she-camel of Allah is a Sign unto you: So leave her to graze in Allah’s earth, and let her come to no harm, or ye shall be seized with a grievous punishment.

wa ilaa thamooda akhaahum saalihan qaala yaaqawmi ‘budullaaha maalakum min ilaahin ghayruhu …

17:59

And We refrain from sending the signs, only because the men of former generations treated them as false: We sent the she-camel to the Thamud to open their eyes, but they treated her wrongfully: We only send the Signs by way of terror (and warning from evil).

… wa aataynaa thamoodan naaqata mubsiratan fazhaalamoo bihaa …

69:5

But the Thamud,- they were destroyed by a terrible Storm of thunder and lightning!

fa ammaa thamoodu fa uhlikoo bittaaghiyah

========================================

  • Mubeen, mubeenaa = clear, plain, evident

2:168

O ye people! Eat of what is on earth, Lawful and good; and do not follow the footsteps of the evil one, for he is to you an avowed [open – Shakir’s translation] enemy.

2:208

O ye who believe! Enter into Islam whole-heartedly; and follow not the footsteps of the evil one; for he is to you an avowed enemy.

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanud khuloo fissilmi kaaffatan wa laa tattabi’oo khutuwaatish shaytaani innahu lakum ‘aduwwun mubeen

4:144

O ye who believe! Take not for friends unbelievers rather than believers: Do ye wish to offer Allah an open proof against yourselves?

… atureedoona an taj’aloo lillaahi ‘alaykum sultaanan mubeenaa

5:92

Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and beware (of evil): if ye do turn back, know ye that it is Our Messenger’s duty to proclaim (the message) in the clearest manner.

wa atee’ul laaha wa atee’ur rasoola wahzaroo fa in tawallaytum fa’lamoo annamaa ‘alaa rasoolinal balaaghul mubeen

21:54

He said, “Indeed ye have been in manifest error – ye and your fathers.”

24:12

Why did not the believers – men and women – when ye heard of the affair,- put the best construction on it in their own minds and say, “This (charge) is an obvious lie”?

… qaloo haazaa ifkun mubeen

24:54

Say: “Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger: but if ye turn away, he is only responsible for the duty placed on him and ye for that placed on you. If ye obey him, ye shall be on right guidance. The Messenger’s duty is only to preach the clear (Message).

 

26:2

These are verses of the Book that makes (things) clear.

tilka aayaatul kitaabil mubeen

27:1

These are verses of the Qur’an,-a book that makes (things) clear;

36:59

We have not instructed the (Prophet) in Poetry, nor is it meet for him: this is no less than a Message and a Qur’an making things clear:

71:2

He said: “O my People! I am to you a Warner, clear and open:

qaala yaaqawmi innee lakum nazeerun mubeen

============================================

  • Ittaba’a = followed

3:68

Without doubt, among men, the nearest of kin to Abraham, are those who follow him, as are also this Prophet and those who believe: And Allah is the Protector of those who have faith.

inna awlan naasi bi ibraaheema lallazeenat taba’oohu wa haazan nabiyyu wallazeena amanoo wallaahu wa liyyul mu’mineen

9:100

The vanguard (of Islam)- the first of those who forsook (their homes) and of those who gave them aid, and (also) those who follow them in (all) good deeds,- well-pleased is Allah with them, as are they with Him: for them hath He prepared gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever: that is the supreme felicity.

was saabiqoonal awwaloona minal muhaajireena wal ansaari wallazeenat taba’oohum bi ihsaanin radhiyallaahu ‘anhum wa radhoo ‘anhu wa a’addalahum jannaatin tajree tahtahal anhaaru khaalideena feehaa abadan zaalikal fawzul ‘azheem

18:85

One (such) way he followed,

fa atba’a sababan

71:21

Noah said: “O my Lord! They have disobeyed me, but they follow (men) whose wealth and children give them no increase but only Loss.

qaala noohun rabbi innahum ‘asawnee wat taba’oo man lam yazid-hu maaluhu wa waladuhuu illa khasaar

====================================

  • Tahtihaa = beneath it

4:57

But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, We shall soon admit to Gardens, with rivers flowing beneath,- their eternal home: Therein shall they have companions pure and holy: We shall admit them to shades, cool and ever deepening.

wallazeena aamanoo wa ‘amilus saalihaati sanud khiluhum jannaatin tajree min tahtihal anhaaru khaalideena feehaa abadan …

19:24

But (a voice) cried to her from beneath the (palm-tree): “Grieve not! for thy Lord hath provided a rivulet beneath thee;

fanaadaahaa min tahtihaa allaa tahzanee qad ja’ala rabbuki tahtaki sariyya

20:6

To Him belongs what is in the heavens and on earth, and all between them, and all beneath the soil.

lahu maa fis samaawaati wa maa fil ardhi wa maa baynahumaa wa maa tahtath tharaa

66:8

O ye who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance: In the hope that your Lord will remove from you your ills and admit you to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow,- the Day that Allah will not permit to be humiliated the Prophet and those who believe with him. Their Light will run forward before them and by their right hands, while they say, “Our Lord! Perfect our Light for us, and grant us Forgiveness: for Thou hast power over all things.”

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanoo tooboo ilallaahi tawbatan nasoohan ‘asaa rabbukum an yukaffira ‘ankum sayyi’aatikum wa yud khilakum jannaatin tajree min tahtihal anhaaru …

98:8

Their reward is with Allah: Gardens of Eternity, beneath which rivers flow; they will dwell therein for ever; Allah well pleased with them, and they with Him: all this for such as fear their Lord and Cherisher.

===============================

  • Tilka = that, these

26:2

These are verses of the Book that makes (things) clear.

tilka aayaatul kitaabil mubeen

27:1

These are verses of the Qur’an,-a book that makes (things) clear;

tilka aayaatul qur’aani wa kitaabin mubeen

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  • Tutlaa = are recited, are rehearsed

8:31

When Our Signs are rehearsed to them, they say: “We have heard this (before): if we wished, we could say (words) like these: these are nothing but tales of the ancients.”

wa izaa tutlaa ‘alayhim aayaatunaa qaaloo qad sami’naa law nashaa’u laqulnaa mithla haazaa in haazaa illaa asaateerul awwaleen

31:7

When Our Signs are rehearsed to such a one, he turns away in arrogance, as if he heard them not, as if there were deafness in both his ears: announce to him a grievous Penalty.

wa izaa tutlaa ‘alayhi aayaatunaa wallaa mustakbiran …

33:34

And recite what is rehearsed to you in your homes, of the Signs of Allah and His Wisdom: for Allah understands the finest mysteries and is well-acquainted (with them).

45:8

He hears the Signs of Allah rehearsed to him, yet is obstinate and lofty, as if he had not heard them: then announce to him a Penalty Grievous!

yasma’u aayaatillaahi tutlaa ‘alayhi thumma yusirru mustakbiran ka anlam yasma’haa fa bashshirhu bi’azaabin aleem

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  • Taaba = repented, turned out (in repentance)

6:54

When those come to thee who believe in Our signs, Say: “Peace be on you: Your Lord hath inscribed for Himself (the rule of) mercy: verily, if any of you did evil in ignorance, and thereafter repented, and amend (his conduct), lo! He is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

… annahu man ‘amila minkum soo’an bijahaalatin thumma taaba min ba’dihee wa aslaha fa annahu ghafoorun raheem

25:71

And whoever repents and does good has truly turned to Allah with an (acceptable) conversion;-

wa man taaba wa ‘amila saalihan fa innahu yatoobu ilallaahi ma taaba

28:67

But any that (in this life) had repented, believed, and worked righteousness, will have hopes to be among those who achieve salvation.

fa ammaa man taaba wa aamana wa ‘amila saalihan fa’asaa an yakoona minal mufliheen

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  • Yatoob = he turns from or will turn to God’s grace

3:128

Not for thee, (but for Allah), is the decision: Whether He turn in mercy to them, or punish them; for they are indeed wrong-doers.

laysa laka minal amri shay’un aw yatooba ‘alayhim aw yu’azzibahum fa innahum zhaalimoon

4:17

Allah accept the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and repent soon afterwards; to them will Allah turn in mercy: For Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.

innamat tawbatu ‘alallaahi lillazeena ya’maloonas soo’a bi jahaalatin thumma yatooboona min qareebin fa oolaa’ika yatoobullaahu ‘alayhim …

9:15

And still the indignation of their hearts. For Allah will turn (in mercy) to whom He will; and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.

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  • Al-Tawraat = the torah revealed book to Musa

3:3

It is He Who sent down to thee (step by step), in truth, the Book, confirming what went before it; and He sent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) before this, as a guide to mankind, and He sent down the criterion (of judgment between right and wrong).

nazzala ‘alaykal kitaaba bil haqqi musaddiqanli maabayna yadayhi wa anzalat tawraata wal injeel

3:65

Ye People of the Book! Why dispute ye about Abraham, when the Law and the Gospel Were not revealed Till after him? Have ye no understanding?

yaa ahlal kitaabi lima tuhaajjoona fee ibraaheema wa maa unzilatit tawraatu wal injeelu illa min ba’dihee …

5:43

But why do they come to thee for decision, when they have (their own) law before them?- therein is the (plain) command of Allah; yet even after that, they would turn away. For they are not (really) People of Faith.

5:66

If only they had stood fast by the Law, the Gospel, and all the revelation that was sent to them from their Lord, they would have enjoyed happiness from every side. There is from among them a party on the right course: but many of them follow a course that is evil.

5:110

Then will Allah say: “O Jesus the son of Mary! Recount My favour to thee and to thy mother. Behold! I strengthened thee with the holy spirit, so that thou didst speak to the people in childhood and in maturity. Behold! I taught thee the Book and Wisdom, the Law and the Gospel and behold! thou makest out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My leave, and thou breathest into it and it becometh a bird by My leave, and thou healest those born blind, and the lepers, by My leave. And behold! thou bringest forth the dead by My leave. And behold! I did restrain the Children of Israel from (violence to) thee when thou didst show them the clear Signs, and the unbelievers among them said: ‘This is nothing but evident magic.’

… tukallimun naasa fil mahdi wa kahlan wa iz ‘allamtukal kitaaba wal hikmata wat tawraata wal injeela …

48:29

Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; and those who are with him are strong against Unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each other. Thou wilt see them bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer), seeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. On their faces are their marks, (being) the traces of their prostration. This is their similitude in the Taurat; and their similitude in the Gospel is: like a seed which sends forth its blade, then makes it strong; it then becomes thick, and it stands on its own stem, (filling) the sowers with wonder and delight. As a result, it fills the Unbelievers with rage at them. Allah has promised those among them who believe and do righteous deeds forgiveness, and a great Reward.

… zaalika mathaluhum fit tawraati wa mathaluhum fil injeeli …

61:6

And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: “O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.” But when he came to them with Clear Signs, they said, “this is evident sorcery!”

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  • Thamanaa = price, reward

2:79

Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands, and then say:”This is from Allah,” to traffic with it for miserable price!- Woe to them for what their hands do write, and for the gain they make thereby.

fawaylun lillazeena yaktuboonal kitaaba bi aydeehim thumma yaqooloona haazaa min ‘indillaahi li yashtaroo bihee thamanan qaleelan …

3:199

And there are, certainly, among the People of the Book, those who believe in Allah, in the revelation to you, and in the revelation to them, bowing in humility to Allah: They will not sell the Signs of Allah for a miserable gain! For them is a reward with their Lord, and Allah is swift in account.

wa inna min ahlil kitaabi laman yu’minu billaahi wa maa unzila ilaykum wa maa unzila ilayhim khaashi’eena lillaahi laa yashtaroona bi aayaatillaahi thamanan qaleelan …

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  • al-mujrimoon, al-mujrimeen = the criminals, the sinners, the guilty

6:55

Thus do We explain the signs in detail: that the way of the sinners may be shown up.

wa kazaalika nufassilul aayaati wa litastabeena sabeelul mujrimeen

10:50

Say: “Do ye see,- if His punishment should come to you by night or by day,- what portion of it would the sinners wish to hasten?

qul ara’aytum in athaakum ‘azaabuhu bayaatan awnahaaran maazaa yasta’jilu minhul mujrimoon

19:86

And We shall drive the sinners to Hell, like thirsty cattle driven down to water,-

wa fusooqul mujrimeena ilaa jahannama wirda

36:59

“And O ye in sin! Get ye apart this Day!

wamtaazul yawma ayyuhal mujrimoon

43:74

The sinners will be in the Punishment of Hell, to dwell therein (for aye):

55:41

(For) the sinners will be known by their marks: and they will be seized by their forelocks and their feet.

55:43

This is the Hell which the Sinners deny:

haazihee jahannamullatee yukazzibu bihal mujrimoon

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  • Jibaal = mountains

11:42

So the Ark floated with them on the waves (towering) like mountains, and Noah called out to his son, who had separated himself (from the rest): “O my son! embark with us, and be not with the unbelievers!”

wa hiya tajree bihim fee mawgin kal jibaali wa naadaa noohu ibnahu …

16:68

And thy Lord taught the Bee to build its cells in hills, on trees, and in (men’s) habitations;

wa awhaa rabbuka ilan nahli anittakhizee minal jibaali buyootan wa minath thajari wa mimmaa ya’rishoon

17:37

And walk not in the earth exultant. Lo! thou canst not rend the earth, nor canst thou stretch to the height of the hills.

wa laa tamshi fil ardhi marahan innaka lan takhriqal ardha wa lan tablughal jibaala tool

73:14

One Day the earth and the mountains will be in violent commotion. And the mountains will be as a heap of sand poured out and flowing down.

yawma tarjuful ardhu wal jibaalu wa kaanatil jibaalu kasheeban maheel

 

101:5

And the mountains will be like carded wool.

wa takoonul jibaalu kal ‘ihnil manfoosh

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  • Jaheem = hell, hellfire, fire

57:19

And those who believe in Allah and His messengers- they are the Sincere (lovers of Truth), and the witnesses (who testify), in the eyes of their Lord: They shall have their Reward and their Light. But those who reject Allah and deny Our Signs,- they are the Companions of Hell-Fire.

… lahum ajruhum wa nooruhum wallazeena kafaroo wa kazzaboo bi aayaatinaa oolaa’ika as-haabul jaheem

81:12

When the Blazing Fire is kindled to fierce heat;

wa izal jaheemu su”irat

82:14

And the Wicked – they will be in the Fire,

wa innal fujjaara lafee jaheem

83:16

Further, they will enter the Fire of Hell

thumma innahum lasaalul jaheem

102:6

Ye shall certainly see Hell-Fire!

latara wunnal jaheem

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  • Israa’eel = the name of Prophet Yacoub (Jacob)

2:83

And remember We took a covenant from the Children of Israel (to this effect): Worship none but Allah; treat with kindness your parents and kindred, and orphans and those in need; speak fair to the people; be steadfast in prayer; and practise regular charity. Then did ye turn back, except a few among you, and ye backslide (even now).

wa iz akhaznaa meethaaqa banee israa’eela laa ta’budoona illallaaha …

5:12

Allah did aforetime take a covenant from the Children of Israel, and we appointed twelve captains among them. And Allah said: “I am with you: if ye (but) establish regular prayers, practise regular charity, believe in my messengers, honour and assist them, and loan to Allah a beautiful loan, verily I will wipe out from you your evils, and admit you to gardens with rivers flowing beneath; but if any of you, after this, resisteth faith, he hath truly wandered from the path or rectitude.”

wa laqad akhazallaahu meethaaqa banee israa’eela wa ba’athnaa minhumuthnay ‘ashara naqeeban …

5:32

On that account: We ordained for the Children of Israel that if any one slew a person – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people. Then although there came to them Our messengers with clear signs, yet, even after that, many of them continued to commit excesses in the land.

min ajli zaalika katabnaa ‘alaa banee israa’eela annahu man qatala nafsan bi ghayri nafsin aw fasaadin fil ardhi fa kallama qatalan naasa jamee’an …

5:70

We took the covenant of the Children of Israel and sent them messengers, every time, there came to them a messenger with what they themselves desired not – some (of these) they called impostors, and some they (go so far as to) slay.

7:138

We took the Children of Israel (with safety) across the sea. They came upon a people devoted entirely to some idols they had. They said: “O Moses! fashion for us a god like unto the gods they have.” He said: “Surely ye are a people without knowledge.

wa jaawaznaa bi banee israa’eelal bahra …

26:197

Is it not a Sign to them that the Learned of the Children of Israel knew it (as true)?

awalam yakun lahum aayatan an ya’lamahu ‘ulamaa’u banee israa’eel

27:76

Verily this Qur’an doth explain to the Children of Israel most of the matters in which they disagree.

inna haazal qur’aana yaqussu ‘alaa banee israa’eela aktharallazee hum feehi yakhtalifoon

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  • Ootoo = come or bring

2:145

Even if thou wert to bring to the people of the Book all the Signs (together), they would not follow Thy Qibla; nor art thou going to follow their Qibla; nor indeed will they follow each other’s Qibla. If thou after the knowledge hath reached thee, Wert to follow their (vain) desires,-then wert thou Indeed (clearly) in the wrong.

wa la’in ataytallazeena ootul kitaaba bikulli aayatin maa tabi’oo qiblataka …

57:16

Has not the Time arrived for the Believers that their hearts in all humility should engage in the remembrance of Allah and of the Truth which has been revealed (to them), and that they should not become like those to whom was given Revelation aforetime, but long ages passed over them and their hearts grew hard? For many among them are rebellious transgressors.

alam ya’ni lillazeena aamanoo an takhsha’a quloobuhum li zikrillaahi wa maa nazala minal haqqi wa laa yakoonoo kallazeena ootul kitaaba min qablu …

98:4

Nor did the People of the Book make schisms, until after there came to them Clear Evidence.

wa maa tafarra qallazeena ootul kitaaba illaa min ba’di maa jaa’at-humul bayyinah

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  • Yu’minoo = not believe ?

7:52

For We had certainly sent unto them a Book, based on knowledge, which We explained in detail,- a guide and a mercy to all who believe.

6:20

Those to whom We have given the Book know this as they know their own sons. Those who have lost their own souls refuse therefore to believe.

2:114

They believe in Allah and the Last Day; they enjoin what is right, and forbid what is wrong; and they hasten (in emulation) in (all) good works: They are in the ranks of the righteous.

4:162

But those among them who are well-grounded in knowledge, and the believers, believe in what hath been revealed to thee and what was revealed before thee: And (especially) those who establish regular prayer and practise regular charity and believe in Allah and in the Last Day: To them shall We soon give a great reward.

77:50

Then what Message, after that, will they believe in?

28:3

We rehearse to thee some of the story of Moses and Pharaoh in Truth, for people who believe.

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  • Tu’minoo = adopt faith

49:14

The desert Arabs say, “We believe.” Say, “Ye have no faith; but ye (only)say, ‘We have submitted our wills to Allah,’ For not yet has Faith entered your hearts. But if ye obey Allah and His Messenger, He will not belittle aught of your deeds: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

qaalatil a’raabu aamannaa qul lam tu’minoo wa laakin qooloo aslamnaa wa lammaa yad khulil ‘eemaanu fee quloobikum …

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  • Aalihat = pl. of Ilaah (god, object of worship)

6:19

Say: “What thing is most weighty in evidence?” Say: “Allah is witness between me and you; This Qur’an hath been revealed to me by inspiration, that I may warn you and all whom it reaches. Can ye possibly bear witness that besides Allah there is another Allah?” Say: “Nay! I cannot bear witness!” Say: “But in truth He is the one Allah, and I truly am innocent of (your blasphemy of) joining others with Him.”

qul ayyu shay’in akbaru shahaadatan qulillaahu shaheedun baynee wa baynakum wa oohiya ilayya haazal qur’aanu li anzirakum bihee wa man balagha a’innakum latashhadoona anna ma’allaahi aalihatan ukhraa …

6:74

Lo! Abraham said to his father Azar: “Takest thou idols for gods? For I see thee and thy people in manifest error.”

wa iz qaala ibraaheemu li abeehi aazara atattakhizu asnaaman aalihatan innee araaka wa qawmaka fee dhalaalin mubeen

7:127

Said the chiefs of Pharaoh’s people: “Wilt thou leave Moses and his people, to spread mischief in the land, and to abandon thee and thy gods?” He said: “Their male children will we slay; (only) their females will we save alive; and we have over them (power) irresistible.”

wa qaalal mala umin qawmi fir’awna atazaru moosaa wa qawmahu liyufsidoo fil ardhi wa yazaraka wa aalihataka …

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  • Umirtu = I (We) was commanded, commissioned, instructed, entrusted
  • Amirtu = I (we) commanded, commissioned, instructed, entrusted

6:14

Say: “Shall I take for my protector any other than Allah, the Maker of the heavens and the earth? And He it is that feedeth but is not fed.” Say: “Nay! but I am commanded to be the first of those who bow to Allah (in Islam), and be not thou of the company of those who join gods with Allah.”

… qul innee umirtu an akoona awwala man aslama wa laa takoonanna minal mushrikeen

6:163

No partner hath He: this am I commanded, and I am the first of those who bow to His will.

 

7:12

(Allah) said: “What prevented thee from prostrating when I commanded thee?” He said: “I am better than he:

qaala maa mana’aka allaa tasjuda iz amartuka …

11:112

Therefore stand firm (in the straight Path) as thou art commanded,- thou and those who with thee turn (unto Allah); and transgress not (from the Path): for He seeth well all that ye do.

27:91

For me, I have been commanded to serve the Lord of this city, Him Who has sanctified it and to Whom (belong) all things: and I am commanded to be of those who bow in Islam to Allah’s Will,-

innamaa umirtu an a’buda rabba haazihil baldatilllazee harramahaa wa lahu kullu shay’in wa umirtu an akoona minal muslimeen

39:11

Say: “Verily, I am commanded to serve Allah with sincere devotion;

qul innee umirtu an a’budallaaha mukhlisanlahud deen

42:15

Now then, for that (reason), call (them to the Faith), and stand steadfast as thou art commanded, nor follow thou their vain desires; but say: “I believe in the Book which Allah has sent down; and I am commanded to judge justly between you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord: for us (is the responsibility for) our deeds, and for you for your deeds. There is no contention between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and to Him is (our) Final Goal.

Fa lizaalika fad’u wastaqim kamaa umirta wa laa tattabi’ ahwaa’ahum …

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  • Aakhir, akhireen (pl.) = next, following, coming, last

2:8

Of the people there are some who say: “We believe in Allah and the Last Day;” but they do not (really) believe.

wa minan naasi man yaqoolu aamannaa billaahi wa bil yawmil aakhiri wa maa hum bi mu’mineen

2:62

Those who believe (in the Qur’an), and those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Christians and the Sabians,- any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord; on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

2:177

It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces Towards east or West; but it is righteousness- to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity; to fulfil the contracts which ye have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and adversity, and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the Allah-fearing.

laysl birra an tuwalloo wujoohakum qibalal mashriqi wal mughribi wa laakinnal birra man aamana billaahi wal yawmil aakhiri …

10:10

(This will be) their cry therein: “Glory to Thee, O Allah!” And “Peace” will be their greeting therein! and the close [last or next] of their cry will be: “Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds!”

da’waahum feehaa subhaanakal lahumma wa tahiyyatuhum feehaa salaamun wa aakhiru da’waahum anil hamdu lillaahi rabbil ‘aalameen

56:40

And a (goodly) number from those of later times.

wa thullatun minal aakhireen

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  • Allah = the one and only god

112:1

Say: He is Allah, the One and Only;

qul huwallaahu ahad

 

 

 

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  • Jazaa’ = reward, repay

4:93

If a man kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein (For ever): And the wrath and the curse of Allah are upon him, and a dreadful penalty is prepared for him.

wa man yaqtul mu’minan muta’ammidan fa jazaa’uhu jahannamu khaalidan feehaa …

53:41

Then will he be rewarded with a reward complete;

thumma yujzaahul jazaa’al awfaa

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  • Ja’ala = He made, He rendered

2:143 Thus, have We made of you an Ummat justly balanced, that ye might be witnesses over the nations, and the Messenger a witness over yourselves; and We appointed the Qibla to which thou wast used, only to test those who followed the Messenger from those who would turn on their heels (From the Faith). Indeed it was (A change) momentous, except to those guided by Allah. And never would Allah Make your faith of no effect. For Allah is to all people Most surely full of kindness, Most Merciful.

wa kazaalika ja’alnaakum ummatan wa satan li takoonoo shuhadaa’a ‘alan naasi …

16:72

And Allah has made for you mates (and companions) of your own nature, and made for you, out of them, sons and daughters and grandchildren, and provided for you sustenance of the best: will they then believe in vain things, and be ungrateful for Allah’s favours?-

wallaahu ja’ala lakum min anfusikum azwaajan wa ja’ala lakum min azwaajikum baneena wa hafadatan wa razaqakum minat tayyibaati …

16:78 It is He Who brought you forth from the wombs of your mothers when ye knew nothing; and He gave you hearing and sight and intelligence and affections: that ye may give thanks (to Allah).

wallaahu akhrajakum min butooni ummahaatikum laa ta’lamoona shay’an wa ja’ala lakumus sam’a …

19:24

But (a voice) cried to her from beneath the (palm-tree): “Grieve not! for thy Lord hath provided a rivulet beneath thee;

fanaadaahaa min tahtihaa allaa tahzanee qad ja’ala rabbuki tahtaki sariyya

32:9

He fashioned him in due proportion, and breathed into him something of His spirit. And He gave you (the faculties of) hearing and sight and feeling (and understanding): little thanks do ye give!

thumma sawwaahu wa nafakha feehi min roohihee wa ja’ala lakumus samu’a wal absaara wal af’idata …

67:15

It is He Who has made the earth manageable for you, so traverse ye through its tracts and enjoy of the Sustenance which He furnishes: but unto Him is the Resurrection.

huwallazee ja’ala lakumul ardha zaloolan famshoo fee manaa kibihaa wa kuloo min rizqihee wa ilayhin nushoor

75:39

And of him He made two sexes, male and female.

fa ja’ala minhuz zawjayniz zakara wal unthaa

105:5

Then did He make them like an empty field of stalks and straw, (of which the corn) has been eaten up.

fa ja’alahum ka’asfin ma’kool

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  • Jamee’aa = All, altogether, all of them, entirely, totally

ajma’een = all

5:32

On that account: We ordained for the Children of Israel that if any one slew a person – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people. Then although there came to them Our messengers with clear signs, yet, even after that, many of them continued to commit excesses in the land.

min ajli zaalika katabnaa ‘alaa banee israa’eela annahu man qatala nafsan bi ghayri nafsin aw fasaadin fil ardhi fa kallama qatalan naasa jamee’an …

 

6:22

One day shall We gather them all together: We shall say to those who ascribed partners (to Us): “Where are the partners whom ye (invented and) talked about?”

wa yawma nahthuru hum jamee’an thumma naqoolu lillazeena ashrakoo ayna shurakaa’u kumullazeena kuntum taz’umoon

39:53

Say: “O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

qul yaa’ibaadi yallazeena asrafoo ‘alaa anfusihim laa taqnatoo min rahmatillaahi innallaaha yaghfiruz zunooba jamee’an …

desperate

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  • Junaah = prohibition, accountability, sin,

2:229

A divorce is only permissible twice: after that, the parties should either hold Together on equitable terms, or separate with kindness. It is not lawful for you, (Men), to take back any of your gifts (from your wives), except when both parties fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by Allah. If ye (judges) do indeed fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by Allah, there is no blame on either of them if she give something for her freedom. These are the limits ordained by Allah; so do not transgress them if any do transgress the limits ordained by Allah, such persons wrong (Themselves as well as others).

Attalaaqu marrataani fa imsaakun bi ma’roofin aw tasreehun bi ihsaanin wa laa yahillu lakum an ta’khuzoo mimmaa aataytumoo hunna shay’an illaa …

… fa laa junaaha ‘alayhimaa fee maftadat bihee …

2:235

There is no blame on you if ye make an offer of betrothal or hold it in your hearts. Allah knows that ye cherish them in your hearts: But do not make a secret contract with them except in terms Honourable, nor resolve on the tie of marriage till the term prescribed is fulfilled. And know that Allah Knoweth what is in your hearts, and take heed of Him; and know that Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Forbearing.

2:236

There is no blame on you if ye divorce women before consummation or the fixation of their dower; but bestow on them (A suitable gift), the wealthy according to his means, and the poor according to his means;- A gift of a reasonable amount is due from those who wish to do the right thing.

laa junaaha ‘alaykum in tallaqtumun nisaa’a maalam tamassoohunna aw tafridhoo lahunna fareedhatan …

 

4:23

Prohibited to you (For marriage) are:- Your mothers, daughters, sisters; father’s sisters, Mother’s sisters; brother’s daughters, sister’s daughters; foster-mothers (Who gave you suck), foster-sisters; your wives’ mothers; your step-daughters under your guardianship, born of your wives to whom ye have gone in,- no prohibition if ye have not gone in;- (Those who have been) wives of your sons proceeding from your loins; and two sisters in wedlock at one and the same time, except for what is past; for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful;-

… fa laa junaaha ‘alaykum wa khalaa’ilu abnaa’ikumullazeena min aslaabikum …

4:24

Also (prohibited are) women already married, except those whom your right hands possess: Thus hath Allah ordained (Prohibitions) against you: Except for these, all others are lawful, provided ye seek (them in marriage) with gifts from your property,- desiring chastity, not lust, seeing that ye derive benefit from them, give them their dowers (at least) as prescribed; but if, after a dower is prescribed, agree Mutually (to vary it), there is no blame on you, and Allah is All)knowing, All-wise.

… wa laa junaaha ‘alaykum feemaa taraadhaytum bihee min ba’dil fareedhati …

============================================

  • Majnoon = mad, lunatic

15:6

They say: “O thou to whom the Message is being revealed! truly thou art mad (or possessed)!

wa qaaloo yaa ayyuhallazee nuzzila ‘alayhiz zikrunnaka la majnoon

26:27

(Pharaoh) said: “Truly your messenger who has been sent to you is a veritable madman!”

qaala inna rasoolakumullazee ursila ilaykum la majnoon

37:36

And say: “What! shall we give up our gods for the sake of a Poet possessed?”

wa yaqooloona a’innaa lataarikoo aalihatinaa lishaa’irin majnoon

==========================================

  • Jaahadoo = they struggled, they strived, they strove

2:218

Those who believed and those who suffered exile and fought (and strove and struggled) in the path of Allah,- they have the hope of the Mercy of Allah: And Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

innallazeena aamanoo wallazeena haajaroo wa jaahadoo fee sabeelillaahi oolaa’ika yarjoona rahmatallaahi …

3:142

Did ye think that ye would enter Heaven without Allah testing those of you who fought hard (In His Cause) and remained steadfast?

4:95

Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and receive no hurt, and those who strive and fight in the cause of Allah with their goods and their persons. Allah hath granted a grade higher to those who strive and fight with their goods and persons than to those who sit (at home). Unto all (in Faith) Hath Allah promised good: But those who strive and fight Hath He distinguished above those who sit (at home) by a special reward,-

 

8:75

And those who accept Faith subsequently, and adopt exile, and fight for the Faith in your company,- they are of you. But kindred by blood have prior rights against each other in the Book of Allah. Verily Allah is well-acquainted with all things.

wallazeena aamanoo min ba’du wa haajaroo wa jaahadoo ma’akum fa oolaa’ika minkum …

9:20

Those who believe, and suffer exile and strive with might and main, in Allah’s cause, with their goods and their persons, have the highest rank in the sight of Allah: they are the people who will achieve (salvation).

allazeena aamanoo wa haajaroo wa jaahadoo fee sabeelillaahi bi amwaalihim wa anfusihim a’zhamu darajatan ‘indallaahi …

5:35

O ye who believe! Do your duty to Allah, seek the means of approach unto Him, and strive with might and main in his cause: that ye may prosper.

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanut taqullaaha wabtaghoo ilayhil waseelata wa jaahidoo fee sabeelihee la’allakum tuflihoon

16:110

But verily thy Lord,- to those who leave their homes after trials and persecutions,- and who thereafter strive and fight for the faith and patiently persevere,- Thy Lord, after all this is oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

22:78

And strive in His cause as ye ought to strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the cult of your father Abraham. It is He Who has named you Muslims, both before and in this (Revelation); that the Messenger may be a witness for you, and ye be witnesses for mankind! So establish regular Prayer, give regular Charity, and hold fast to Allah! He is your Protector – the Best to protect and the Best to help!

wa jaahidoo fillaahi haqqa jihaadihee huwaj tabaakum wa maa ja’ala ‘alaykum fiddeeni min harajin …

49:15

Only those are Believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, and have never since doubted, but have striven with their belongings and their persons in the Cause of Allah: Such are the sincere ones

innamal mu’minoonallazeena aamanoo billaahi wa rasoolihee thumma lam yartaaboo wa jaahadoo bi amwaalihim wa anfusihim fee sabeelillaahi oolaa’ika humussaadiqoon

=========================================

  • Al-Janna(t) = The paradise, the heaven
  • Jannaat = gardens, heavens

2:25

But give glad tidings to those who believe and work righteousness, that their portion is Gardens, beneath which rivers flow. Every time they are fed with fruits therefrom, they say: “Why, this is what we were fed with before,” for they are given things in similitude; and they have therein companions pure (and holy); and they abide therein (for ever).

wa bashshirillazeena aamanoo wa ‘amilus saalihaati anna lahum jannaati tajree min tahtihal anhaaru kallamaa ruziqoo minhaa min thamaratin rizqan …

2:214

Or do ye think that ye shall enter the Garden (of bliss) without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? they encountered suffering and adversity, and were so shaken in spirit that even the Messenger and those of faith who were with him cried: “When (will come) the help of Allah?” Ah! Verily, the help of Allah is (always) near!

am hasibtum an tadkhulul jannata wa lammaa ya’tikum mathalullazeena khalaw min tablikum …

3:133

Be quick in the race for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a Garden whose width is that (of the whole) of the heavens and of the earth, prepared for the righteous,-

wa saari’oo ilaa maghfiratin min rabbikum wa jannatin ‘ardhuhas samaawaatu wal ardhu u-‘iddat lil muttaqeen

3:142

Did ye think that ye would enter Heaven without Allah testing those of you who fought hard (In His Cause) and remained steadfast?

am hasibtum an tad khulul jannata wa lammaa ya’lamillaahul lazeena jahaadoo minkum wa ya’lamas saabireen

14:23

But those who believe and work righteousness will be admitted to gardens beneath which rivers flow,- to dwell therein for aye with the leave of their Lord. Their greeting therein will be: “Peace!”

wa ud khilallazeena aamanoo wa ‘amilus saalihaati jannaatin tajree min tahtihal anhaaru khaalideena feeha bi izni rabbihim tahiyyatuhum feehaa salaam

 

 

2:25

But give glad tidings to those who believe and work righteousness, that their portion is Gardens, beneath which rivers flow. Every time they are fed with fruits therefrom, they say: “Why, this is what we were fed with before,” for they are given things in similitude; and they have therein companions pure (and holy); and they abide therein (for ever).

3:15

Say: Shall I give you glad tidings of things Far better than those? For the righteous are Gardens in nearness to their Lord, with rivers flowing beneath; therein is their eternal home; with companions pure (and holy); and the good pleasure of Allah. For in Allah’s sight are (all) His servants,-

3:133

Be quick in the race for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a Garden whose width is that (of the whole) of the heavens and of the earth, prepared for the righteous,-

3:136

For such the reward is forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath,- an eternal dwelling: How excellent a recompense for those who work (and strive)!

3:142

Did ye think that ye would enter Heaven without Allah testing those of you who fought hard (In His Cause) and remained steadfast?

3:185

Every soul shall have a taste of death: And only on the Day of Judgment shall you be paid your full recompense. Only he who is saved far from the Fire and admitted to the Garden will have attained the object (of Life): For the life of this world is but goods and chattels of deception.

4:57

But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, We shall soon admit to Gardens, with rivers flowing beneath,- their eternal home: Therein shall they have companions pure and holy: We shall admit them to shades, cool and ever deepening.

4:124

If any do deeds of righteousness,- be they male or female – and have faith, they will enter Heaven, and not the least injustice will be done to them.

9:72

Allah hath promised to Believers, men and women, gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein, and beautiful mansions in gardens of everlasting bliss. But the greatest bliss is the good pleasure of Allah: that is the supreme felicity.

9:100

The vanguard (of Islam)- the first of those who forsook (their homes) and of those who gave them aid, and (also) those who follow them in (all) good deeds,- well-pleased is Allah with them, as are they with Him: for them hath He prepared gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever: that is the supreme felicity.

11:23

But those who believe and work righteousness, and humble themselves before their Lord,- They will be companions of the gardens, to dwell therein for aye

13:23

Gardens of perpetual bliss: they shall enter there, as well as the righteous among their fathers, their spouses, and their offspring: and angels shall enter unto them from every gate (with the salutation):

14:23

But those who believe and work righteousness will be admitted to gardens beneath which rivers flow,- to dwell therein for aye with the leave of their Lord. Their greeting therein will be: “Peace!”

18:31

For them will be Gardens of Eternity; beneath them rivers will flow; they will be adorned therein with bracelets of gold, and they will wear green garments of fine silk and heavy brocade: They will recline therein on raised thrones. How good the recompense! How beautiful a couch to recline on!

18:107

As to those who believe and work righteous deeds, they have, for their entertainment, the Gardens of Paradise,

22:14

Verily Allah will admit those who believe and work righteous deeds, to Gardens, beneath which rivers flow: for Allah carries out all that He plans.

22:23

Allah will admit those who believe and work righteous deeds, to Gardens beneath which rivers flow: they shall be adorned therein with bracelets of gold and pearls; and their garments there will be of silk.

29:58

But those who believe and work deeds of righteousness – to them shall We give a Home in Heaven,- lofty mansions beneath which flow rivers,- to dwell therein for aye;- an excellent reward for those who do (good)!-

35:33

Gardens of Eternity will they enter: therein will they be adorned with bracelets of gold and pearls; and their garments there will be of silk.

40:8

“And grant, our Lord! that they enter the Gardens of Eternity, which Thou hast promised to them, and to the righteous among their fathers, their wives, and their posterity! For Thou art (He), the Exalted in Might, Full of Wisdom.

41:30

In the case of those who say, “Our Lord is Allah”, and, further, stand straight and steadfast, the angels descend on them (from time to time): “Fear ye not!” (they suggest), “Nor grieve! but receive the Glad Tidings of the Garden (of Bliss), the which ye were promised!

42:22

Thou wilt see the Wrong-doers in fear on account of what they have earned, and (the burden of) that must (necessarily) fall on them. But those who believe and work righteous deeds will be in the luxuriant meads of the Gardens: they shall have, before their Lord, all that they wish for. That will indeed be the magnificent Bounty (of Allah).

47:12

Verily Allah will admit those who believe and do righteous deeds, to Gardens beneath which rivers flow; while those who reject Allah will enjoy (this world) and eat as cattle eat; and the Fire will be their abode.

52:17

As to the Righteous, they will be in Gardens, and in Happiness,-

55:46

But for such as fear the time when they will stand before (the Judgment Seat of) their Lord, there will be two Gardens-

55:54

They will recline on Carpets, whose inner linings will be of rich brocade: the Fruit of the Gardens will be near (and easy of reach).

55:62

And besides these two, there are two other Gardens,-

57:12

One Day shalt thou see the believing men and the believing women- how their Light runs forward before them and by their right hands: (their greeting will be): “Good News for you this Day! Gardens beneath which flow rivers! to dwell therein for aye! This is indeed the highest Achievement!”

64:9

The Day that He assembles you (all) for a Day of Assembly,- that will be a Day of mutual loss and gain (among you), and those who believe in Allah and work righteousness,- He will remove from them their ills, and He will admit them to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever: that will be the Supreme Achievement.

66:8

O ye who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance: In the hope that your Lord will remove from you your ills and admit you to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow,- the Day that Allah will not permit to be humiliated the Prophet and those who believe with him. Their Light will run forward before them and by their right hands, while they say, “Our Lord! Perfect our Light for us, and grant us Forgiveness: for Thou hast power over all things.”

68:34

Verily, for the Righteous, are Gardens of Delight, in the Presence of their Lord.

98:8

Their reward is with Allah: Gardens of Eternity, beneath which rivers flow; they will dwell therein for ever; Allah well pleased with them, and they with Him: all this for such as fear their Lord and Cherisher.

7:42

But those who believe and work righteousness,- no burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear,- they will be Companions of the Garden, therein to dwell (for ever).

36:55

Verily the Companions of the Garden shall that Day have joy in all that they do;

39:73

And those who feared their Lord will be led to the Garden in crowds: until behold, they arrive there; its gates will be opened; and its keepers will say: “Peace be upon you! well have ye done! enter ye here, to dwell therein.”

76:12

And because they were patient and constant, He will reward them with a Garden and (garments of) silk.

76:13

Reclining in the (Garden) on raised thrones, they will see there neither the sun’s (excessive heat) nor (the moon’s) excessive cold.

76:14

And the shades of the (Garden) will come low over them, and the bunches (of fruit), there, will hang low in humility.

=============================================

  • Jaa-a = Jaa’a = Came, brought

6:31

Lost indeed are they who treat it as a falsehood that they must meet Allah,- until on a sudden the hour is on them, and they say: “Ah! woe unto us that we took no thought of it”; for they bear their burdens on their backs, and evil indeed are the burdens that they bear?

qad khasirallazeena kazzaboo biliqaa’illaahi hattaa izaa jaa’at humus saa’atu baghtatan …

9:48

Indeed they had plotted sedition before, and upset matters for thee, until,- the Truth arrived, and the Decree of Allah became manifest much to their disgust.

laqad-ibtaghawul fitnata min qablu wa qalaboo lakal umoora hattaa jaa’al haqqu wa zhahara amrullaahi wa hum kaarihoon

11:76

O Abraham! Seek not this. The decree of thy Lord hath gone forth: for them there cometh a penalty that cannot be

turned back!

yaa ibraaheemu a’ridh ‘an haazaa innahu qad jaa’a amru rabbika …

39:71

The Unbelievers will be led to Hell in crowd: until, when they arrive, there, its gates will be opened. And its keepers will say, “Did not messengers come to you from among yourselves, rehearsing to you the Signs of your Lord, and warning you of the Meeting of This Day of yours?” The answer will be: “True: but the Decree of Punishment has been proved true against the Unbelievers!”

… hattaa izaa jaa’oohaa futihat abwaabuhaa wa qaala lahum khazanat-haa alam ya’tikum rusulun minkum yatloona ‘alaykum aayaati rabbikum …

41:20

At length, when they reach the (Fire), their hearing, their sight, and their skins will bear witness against them, as to (all) their deeds.

hattaa izaa maa jaa’oohaa shahida ‘alayhim sam’uhum wa absaaruhum wa julooduhum bimaa kaanoo ya’maloon

67:9

They will say: “Yes indeed; a Warner did come to us, but we rejected him and said, ‘Allah never sent down any (Message): ye are nothing but an egregious delusion!'”

qaaloo balaa qad jaa’anaa nazeerun …

98:4

Nor did the People of the Book make schisms, until after there came to them Clear Evidence.

wa maa tafarra qallazeena ootul kitaaba illaa min ba’di maa jaa’at-humul bayyinah

 

  • Jahannam = Hell

3:12

Say to those who reject Faith: “Soon will ye be vanquished and gathered together to Hell,-an evil bed indeed (to lie on)!

qul lillazeena kafaroo satughlaboona wa tuhsharoona ilaa jahannama wa bi’sal mihaad

4:97

When angels take the souls of those who die in sin against their souls, they say: “In what (plight) Were ye?” They reply: “Weak and oppressed Were we in the earth.” They say: “Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to move yourselves away (From evil)?” Such men will find their abode in Hell,- What an evil refuge! –

… qaaloo alam takun ardhullaahi waa si’atan fatuhaajiroo feehaa fa oolaa’ika ma’waahum jahannamu wa saa’at maseer

4:115

If anyone contends with the Messenger even after guidance has been plainly conveyed to him, and follows a path other than that becoming to men of Faith, We shall leave him in the path he has chosen, and land him in Hell,- what an evil refuge!

wa man yushaaqiqir rasoola min ba’di maa tabayyana lahul hudaa wa yattabi’ ghayra sabeelil mu’mineena nuwallihee maa tawallaa wa nuslihee jahannama wa saa’at maseer

25:65

Those who say, “Our Lord! avert from us the Wrath of Hell, for its Wrath is indeed an affliction grievous,-

wallazeena yaqooloona rabbana-srif ‘annaa ‘azaaba jahannama inna ‘azaabahaa kana gharaam

40:60

And your Lord says: “Call on Me; I will answer your (Prayer): but those who are too arrogant to serve Me will surely find themselves in Hell – in humiliation!”

wa qaala rabbukumu d’oonee astajib lakum innallazeena yastakbiroona ‘an ‘ibaadatee sayadkhuloona jahannama daakhireen

85:10

Those who persecute (or draw into temptation) the Believers, men and women, and do not turn in repentance, will have the Penalty of Hell: They will have the Penalty of the Burning Fire.

89:23

And Hell, that Day, is brought (face to face),- on that Day will man remember, but how will that remembrance profit him?

==========================================

  • Yuhib = He likes or he will like

24:19

Those who love (to see) scandal published broadcast among the Believers, will have a grievous Penalty in this life and in the Hereafter: Allah knows, and ye know not.

innallazeena yuhibboona an tashee’al faahishatu fillazeena aamanoo lahum ‘azaabun aleemun fid dunya wal aakhirati …

49:12

O ye who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible): for suspicion in some cases is a sin: And spy not on each other behind their backs. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, ye would abhor it…But fear Allah: For Allah is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.

… a-yuhibbu ahadukum an ya’kula lahma akheehi maytan fakarih tumoohu …

57:23

In order that ye may not despair over matters that pass you by, nor exult over favours bestowed upon you. For Allah loveth not any vainglorious boaster,-

likaylaa ta’saw ‘alaa maa faa takum wa laa tafrahoo bimaa aataakum wallaahu laa yuhibbu kulla mukhtaalin fakhoor

75:20

Nay, (ye men!) but ye love the fleeting life,

kallaa bal tuhibboonal ‘aajilah

89:20

And ye love wealth with inordinate love!

wa tuhibboonal maala hubban jamma

=============================================

  • Hijaara(t) = the stones, the rocks

2:24

But if ye cannot- and of a surety ye cannot- then fear the Fire whose fuel is men and stones,- which is prepared for those who reject Faith.

8:32

Remember how they said: “O Allah if this is indeed the Truth from Thee, rain down on us a shower of stones form the sky, or send us a grievous penalty.”

wa iz qaalullaahumma in kana haazaa huwal haqqa min ‘indika fa amtir ‘alaynaa hijaaratan minas samaa’i awi’tinaa bi ‘azaabin aleem

11:82

When Our Decree issued, We turned (the cities) upside down, and rained down on them brimstones hard as baked clay, spread, layer on layer,-

falammaa jaa’a amrunaa ja’alnaa ‘aliyahaa saafilahaa wa amtarnaa ‘alayhaa hijaaratan min sijjeelin mandhood

66:6

O ye who believe! save yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is Men and Stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who flinch not (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do (precisely) what they are commanded.

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanooqoo anfusakum wa ahleekum naaran wa qooduhan naasu wal hijaaratu ‘alayhaa malaa’ikatun …

105:4

Striking them with stones of baked clay.

tarmeehim bi hijaaratin min sijjeel

=========================================

  • Hadeeth = talk, speech, chat

2:76

Behold! when they meet the men of Faith, they say: “We believe”: But when they meet each other in private, they say: “Shall you tell them what Allah hath revealed to you, that they may engage you in argument about it before your Lord?”- Do ye not understand (their aim)?

wa izaa laqullazeena aamanoo qaaloo aamannaa wa izaa khalaa ba’dhuhum ilaa ba’dhin qaaloo-a tuhaddithoo nahum bimaa fatahallaahu ‘alaykum li yuhaajjookum bihee ‘inda rabbikum afalaa ta’qiloon

33:53

O ye who believe! Enter not the Prophet’s houses,- until leave is given you,- for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation: but when ye are invited, enter; and when ye have taken your meal, disperse, without seeking familiar talk. Such (behaviour) annoys the Prophet: he is ashamed to dismiss you, but Allah is not ashamed (to tell you) the truth. And when ye ask (his ladies) for anything ye want, ask them from before a screen: that makes for greater purity for your hearts and for theirs. Nor is it right for you that ye should annoy Allah’s Messenger, or that ye should marry his widows after him at any time. Truly such a thing is in Allah’s sight an enormity.

… wa laakin izaa du’eetum fad khuloo fa izaa ta’imtum fantashiroo wa laa musta’ niseena li hadeethin …

============================================

  • Hudood = limits, limitations, borders, borderline

2:187

Permitted to you, on the night of the fasts, is the approach to your wives. They are your garments and ye are their garments. Allah knoweth what ye used to do secretly among yourselves; but He turned to you and forgave you; so now associate with them, and seek what Allah Hath ordained for you, and eat and drink, until the white thread of dawn appear to you distinct from its black thread; then complete your fast Till the night appears; but do not associate with your wives while ye are in retreat in the mosques. Those are Limits (set by) Allah: Approach not nigh thereto. Thus doth Allah make clear His Signs to men: that they may learn self-restraint.

… tilka hudoodullaahi falaa taqraboohaa kazaalika yubayyinullaahu aayaatihee linnaasi la’allahum yattaqoon

2:229

A divorce is only permissible twice: after that, the parties should either hold Together on equitable terms, or separate with kindness. It is not lawful for you, (Men), to take back any of your gifts (from your wives), except when both parties fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by Allah. If ye (judges) do indeed fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by Allah, there is no blame on either of them if she give something for her freedom. These are the limits ordained by Allah; so do not transgress them if any do transgress the limits ordained by Allah, such persons wrong (Themselves as well as others).

… tilka hudoodullaahi falaa ta’tadoohaa wa man yata’adda hudoodallaahi fa oolaa’ika humuzh zhaalimoon

4:13

Those are limits set by Allah: those who obey Allah and His Messenger will be admitted to Gardens with rivers flowing beneath, to abide therein (for ever) and that will be the supreme achievement.

tilka hudoodullaahi wa man yuti’illaaha wa rasoolahu yudkhilhu jannaati tajree min tahtihal anhaaru khaalideena feehaa wa zaalikal fawzul ‘azheem

4:14

But those who disobey Allah and His Messenger and transgress His limits will be admitted to a Fire, to abide therein: And they shall have a humiliating punishment.

wa man ya’sillaaha wa rasoolahu wa yata’adda hudoodahu yudkhilhu naaran khaalidan feehaa wa lahu ‘azaabun muheen

9:112

Those that turn (to Allah) in repentance; that serve Him, and praise Him; that wander in devotion to the cause of Allah,: that bow down and prostrate themselves in prayer; that enjoin good and forbid evil; and observe the limit set by Allah;- (These do rejoice). So proclaim the glad tidings to the Believers.

attaa’iboonal ‘aabidoonal haamidoonas saa’ihoonar raaki’oonas saajidoonal aamiroona bil ma’roofi wannaahoona ‘anil munkari wal haafizhoona li hudoodillaahi wa bashshiril mu’mineen

=============================================

  • Harth = field, agricultural farm, tilth, tilling

2:71

He said: “He says: A heifer not trained to till the soil or water the fields; sound and without blemish.” They said: “Now hast thou brought the truth.” Then they offered her in sacrifice, but not with good-will.

qaala innahu yaqoolu innahaa baqaratun laa zaloolun tutheerul ardha wa laa tasqil hartha …

2:223

Your wives are as a tilth unto you; so approach your tilth when or how ye will; but do some good act for your souls beforehand; and fear Allah. And know that ye are to meet Him (in the Hereafter), and give (these) good tidings to those who believe.

nisaa’ukum harthun lakum fa’too harthakum annaa shi’tum wa qaddimoo li anfusikum …

6:138

And they say that such and such cattle and crops are taboo, and none should eat of them except those whom – so they say – We wish; further, there are cattle forbidden to yoke or burden, and cattle on which, (at slaughter), the name of Allah is not pronounced; – inventions against Allah’s name: soon will He requite them for their inventions.

wa qaaloo haazihee an’aamun wa harthun hijrun …

21:78

And remember David and Solomon, when they gave judgment in the matter of the field into which the sheep of certain people had strayed by night: We did witness their judgment.

wa daawuda wa sulaymaana iz yahkumaani fil harthin iz nafashat feehi ghanamul qawmi wa kunnaa li hukmihim shaahideen

42:20

To any that desires the tilth of the Hereafter, We give increase in his tilth, and to any that desires the tilth of this world, We grant somewhat thereof, but he has no share or lot in the Hereafter.

man kana yureedu harthal aakhirati nazid lahu fee harthihee wa man kana yureedu harthad dunyaa nu’tihee minhaa wa maalahu fil aakhirati min naseeb

68:22

“Go ye to your tilth (betimes) in the morning, if ye would gather the fruits.”

=========================================

  • Haraj = Oppressed, straitness, straitened

7:2

A Book revealed unto thee,- So let thy heart be oppressed no more by any difficulty on that account,- that with it thou mightest warn (the erring) and teach the Believers).

kitaabun unzila ilayka falaa yakun fee sadrika harajun minhu litunzira bihee wa zikraa lil mu’mineen

22:78

And strive in His cause as ye ought to strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the cult of your father Abraham. It is He Who has named you Muslims, both before and in this (Revelation); that the Messenger may be a witness for you, and ye be witnesses for mankind! So establish regular Prayer, give regular Charity, and hold fast to Allah! He is your Protector – the Best to protect and the Best to help!

wa jaahidoo fillaahi haqqa jihaadihee huwaj tabaakum wa maa ja’ala ‘alaykum fiddeeni min harajin …

=============================================

  • Harram(a) = Prohibited

5:72

They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah,- Allah will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.

… innahu man yushrik billaahi faqad harram allaahu ‘alayhil jannata wa ma’waahun naaru …

6:148

Those who give partners (to Allah) will say: “If Allah had wished, we should not have given partners to Him nor would our fathers; nor should we have had any taboos.” So did their ancestors argue falsely, until they tasted of Our wrath. Say: “Have ye any (certain) knowledge? If so, produce it before us. Ye follow nothing but conjecture: ye do nothing but lie.”

sayaqoolullazeena ashrakoo law shaa’allaahu maa ashraknaa wa laa aabaa’unaa wa laa harramnaa min shay’in …

16:35

The worshippers of false gods say: “If Allah had so willed, we should not have worshipped aught but Him – neither we nor our fathers,- nor should we have prescribed prohibitions other than His.” So did those who went before them. But what is the mission of messengers but to preach the Clear Message?

wa qaalallazeena ashrakoo law shaa’allaahu maa ‘abadnaa min doonihee min shay’in nahnu wa laa aabaa’unaa wa laa harramnaa min doonihee min shay’in …

==========================================

  • Alharaam(i) = the respectable, the holy, the forbidden, the sacred

2:144

We see the turning of thy face (for guidance to the heavens: now Shall We turn thee to a Qibla that shall please thee. Turn then Thy face in the direction of the sacred Mosque: Wherever ye are, turn your faces in that direction. The people of the Book know well that that is the truth from their Lord. Nor is Allah unmindful of what they do.

qad naraa taqallaba wajhika fis samaa’i fala nuwalli yannaka qiblatan tardhaahaa fawalli wajhaka shatral masjidil haraami …

2:196

And complete the Hajj or ‘umra in the service of Allah. But if ye are prevented (From completing it), send an offering for sacrifice, such as ye may find, and do not shave your heads until the offering reaches the place of sacrifice. And if any of you is ill, or has an ailment in his scalp, (Necessitating shaving), (He should) in compensation either fast, or feed the poor, or offer sacrifice; and when ye are in peaceful conditions (again), if any one wishes to continue the ‘umra on to the hajj, He must make an offering, such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, He should fast three days during the hajj and seven days on his return, Making ten days in all. This is for those whose household is not in (the precincts of) the Sacred Mosque. And fear Allah, and know that Allah Is strict in punishment.

 

5:2

O ye who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the symbols of Allah, nor of the sacred month, nor of the animals brought for sacrifice, nor the garlands that mark out such animals, nor the people resorting to the sacred house, seeking of the bounty and good pleasure of their Lord. But when ye are clear of the sacred precincts and of pilgrim garb, ye may hunt and let not the hatred of some people in (once) shutting you out of the Sacred Mosque lead you to transgression (and hostility on your part). Help ye one another in righteousness and piety, but help ye not one another in sin and rancour: fear Allah: for Allah is strict in punishment.

yaa ayyuhallazeena aamanoo laa tuhilloo sha’aa’irallaahi wa lashshahral haraama wa lal hadya wa lal qalaa’ida wa laa aammeenal baytal haraama baytaghoona fadhlan min rabbihim wa ridhwaanan …

17:1

Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who heareth and seeth (all things).

subhaanallazee asraa bi ‘abdihee laylan minal masjidil haraami ilal msjidil aqsaallazee baaraknaa hawlahu li nuriyahu min aayaatinaa innahu huwas samee’ul baseer

===========================================

  • Ahzaab = the allies, the parties, the groups

33:20

They think that the Confederates have not withdrawn; and if the Confederates should come (again), they would wish they were in the deserts (wandering) among the Bedouins, and seeking news about you (from a safe distance); and if they were in your midst, they would fight but little.

yahsaboonal ahzaaba lam yaz haboo wa in ya’til ahzaabu yawaddoo law annahum baadoona fil a’raabi yas’aloona ‘an anbaa’ikum …

38:13

And Thamud, and the people of Lut, and the Companions of the Wood; – such were the Confederates.

wa thamoodu wa qawmu lootin wa ashaabul ‘aykati oolaa’ikal ahzaab

40:30

Then said the man who believed: “O my people! Truly I do fear for you something like the Day (of disaster) of the Confederates (in sin)!-

wa qaalallazee aamana yaaqawmi innee akhaafu ‘alaykum mithla yawmil ahzaab

==============================================

  • Yahzanoon(a) = they grieve, sadden or will grieve

2:274

Those who (in charity) spend of their goods by night and by day, in secret and in public, have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

allazeena yunfiqoona amwaalahum bil layli wan nahaari sirran wa ‘alaa niyatan falahum ajruhum ‘inda rabbihim wa laa khawfun ‘alayhim wa laahum yahzanoon

2:277

Those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness, and establish regular prayers and regular charity, will have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

innallazeena aamanoo wa ‘amilus saalihaati wa aqaamus salaata wa aatawuz zakaata lahum ajruhum ‘inda rabbihim wa laa khawfun ‘alayhim wa laahum yahzanoon

5:69

Those who believe (in the Qur’an), those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Sabians and the Christians,- any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness,- on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

10:62

Behold! verily on the friends of Allah there is no fear, nor shall they grieve;

illaa inna awliyaa’allaahi laa khawfun ‘alayhim wa laahum yahzanoon

19:24

But (a voice) cried to her from beneath the (palm-tree): “Grieve not! for thy Lord hath provided a rivulet beneath thee;

41:30

In the case of those who say, “Our Lord is Allah”, and, further, stand straight and steadfast, the angels descend on them (from time to time): “Fear ye not!” (they suggest), “Nor grieve! but receive the Glad Tidings of the Garden (of Bliss), the which ye were promised!

innallazeena qaaloo rabbunallaahu thummas taqaamoo tatanazzalu ‘alayhimul malaa’ikatu allaa takhaafoo wa laa tahzanoo wa abshiroo bil jannatillatee kuntum too ‘adoon

==============================================

  • Hisaab = account, reckoning

2:202

To these will be allotted what they have earned; and Allah is quick in account.

oolaa’ika lahum naseebun mimmaa kasaboo wallaahu saree’ul hisaab

3:19

The Religion before Allah is Islam (submission to His Will): Nor did the People of the Book dissent therefrom except through envy of each other, after knowledge had come to them. But if any deny the Signs of Allah, Allah is swift in calling to account.

3:199

And there are, certainly, among the People of the Book, those who believe in Allah, in the revelation to you, and in the revelation to them, bowing in humility to Allah: They will not sell the Signs of Allah for a miserable gain! For them is a reward with their Lord, and Allah is swift in account.

… oolaa’ika lahum ajruhum ‘inda rabbihim innallaaha saree’ul hisaab

13:21

Those who join together those things which Allah hath commanded to be joined, hold their Lord in awe, and fear the terrible reckoning;

14:41

“O our Lord! cover (us) with Thy Forgiveness – me, my parents, and (all) Believers, on the Day that the Reckoning will be established!

rabbanagh firlee wa liwaalidayya wa lil mu’mineena yawma yaqoomul hisaab

24:39

But the Unbelievers,- their deeds are like a mirage in sandy deserts, which the man parched with thirst mistakes for water; until when he comes up to it, he finds it to be nothing: But he finds Allah (ever) with him, and Allah will pay him his account: and Allah is swift in taking account.

40:17

That Day will every soul be requited for what it earned; no injustice will there be that Day, for Allah is Swift in taking account.

al-yawma tujzaa kullu nafsin bimaa kasabat laa zhulmal yawma innallaaha saree’ul hisaab

88:26

Then it will be for Us to call them to account.

thumma inna ‘alaynaa hisaabahum

==================================

  • Bayna = in between, among

2:113

The Jews say: “The Christians have naught (to stand) upon; and the Christians say: “The Jews have naught (To stand) upon.” Yet they (Profess to) study the (same) Book. Like unto their word is what those say who know not; but Allah will judge between them in their quarrel on the Day of Judgment.

2:136

Say ye: “We believe in Allah, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Isma’il, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) prophets from their Lord: We make no difference between one and another of them: And we bow to Allah (in Islam).”

… laa tufarriqu bayna ahadin minhum wa nahnu lahu muslimoon

2:213

Mankind was one single nation, and Allah sent Messengers with glad tidings and warnings; and with them He sent the Book in truth, to judge between people in matters wherein they differed; but the People of the Book, after the clear Signs came to them, did not differ among themselves, except through selfish contumacy. Allah by His Grace Guided the believers to the Truth, concerning that wherein they differed. For Allah guided whom He will to a path that is straight.

… wa anzala ma’ahumul kitaaba bil haqqi liyahkuma baynan naasi feemakh talafoo feehi …

5:91

Satan’s plan is (but) to excite enmity and hatred between you, with intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah, and from prayer: will ye not then abstain?

innamaa yureedush shaytaanu an yooqi’i baynakumul ‘adaawata wal baghdhaa’a fil khamri wal maysiri wa yasuddakum ‘an zikrillaahi wa ‘anis salaati fahal antum muntahoon

24:51

The answer of the Believers, when summoned to Allah and His Messenger, in order that He may judge between them, is no other than this: they say, “We hear and we obey”: it is such as these that will attain felicity.

25:59

He Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between, in six days, and is firmly established on the Throne (of Authority): Allah Most Gracious: ask thou, then, about Him of any acquainted (with such things).

illazee khalaqas samaawaati wal ardha wa maa baynahumaa fee sittati ayyamin thummas tawaa ‘alal ‘arshir rahmaanu fas’al bihee khabeer

Hasanaa = Good, better, well, splendidly, beautifully

Hasana(t) = Goodness, virtue, good deed, charity, benefaction

Al-Husnaaa = The goodness, the virtue, the best outcome fem)

 

2:201

And there are men who say: “Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter, and defend us from the torment of the Fire!”

wa minhum man yaqoolu rabbanaa aatinaa fid dunyaa hasanatan wa fil aakhirati hasanatan wa qinaa ‘azaaban naar

4:40

Allah is never unjust in the least degree: If there is any good (done), He doubleth it, and giveth from His own presence a great reward.

innallaaha laa yazhlimu mithqaala zarratin wa in taku hasanatan yudhaa’ifhaa wa yu’ti minladunhu ajran ‘azheem

18:2

(He hath made it) Straight (and Clear) in order that He may warn (the godless) of a terrible Punishment from Him, and that He may give Glad Tidings to the Believers who work righteous deeds, that they shall have a goodly Reward,

qayyimanli yunzira ba’san shadeedan min ladunhu wa yubashshiral mu’mineenallazeena ya’maloonas saalihaati anna lahum ajran hasanaa

92:6

And (in all sincerity) testifies to the best,-

wa saddaqa bil husnaa

============================================

  • Haqqa = Came true, verified, correct, be incumbent, deserved it
  • Al-haqq = The truth, the true, the right, (correct)

8:32

Remember how they said: “O Allah if this is indeed the Truth from Thee, rain down on us a shower of stones form the sky, or send us a grievous penalty.”

wa iz qaalullaahumma in kana haazaa huwal haqqa min ‘indika fa amtir ‘alaynaa hijaaratan minas samaa’i awi’tinaa bi ‘azaabin aleem

 

9:48

Indeed they had plotted sedition before, and upset matters for thee, until,- the Truth arrived, and the Decree of Allah became manifest much to their disgust.

laqad-ibtaghawul fitnata min qablu wa qalaboo lakal umoora hattaa jaa’al haqqu wa zhahara amrullaahi wa hum kaarihoon

22:78

And strive in His cause as ye ought to strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the cult of your father Abraham. It is He Who has named you Muslims, both before and in this (Revelation); that the Messenger may be a witness for you, and ye be witnesses for mankind! So establish regular Prayer, give regular Charity, and hold fast to Allah! He is your Protector – the Best to protect and the Best to help!

wa jaahidoo fillaahi haqqa jihaadihee huwaj tabaakum wa maa ja’ala ‘alaykum fiddeeni min harajin …

 

=============================================

  • Al-Hikma(t) = the wisdom

5:110

Then will Allah say: “O Jesus the son of Mary! Recount My favour to thee and to thy mother. Behold! I strengthened thee with the holy spirit, so that thou didst speak to the people in childhood and in maturity. Behold! I taught thee the Book and Wisdom, the Law and the Gospel and behold! thou makest out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My leave, and thou breathest into it and it becometh a bird by My leave, and thou healest those born blind, and the lepers, by My leave. And behold! thou bringest forth the dead by My leave. And behold! I did restrain the Children of Israel from (violence to) thee when thou didst show them the clear Signs, and the unbelievers among them said: ‘This is nothing but evident magic.’

… tukallimun naasa fil mahdi wa kahlan wa iz ‘allamtukal kitaaba wal hikmata wat tawraata wal injeela …

==========================================

  • Ahsanu = best, better, nicer

16:96

What is with you must vanish: what is with Allah will endure. And We will certainly bestow, on those who patiently persevere, their reward according to the best of their actions.

…wa lanajzi yannallazeena sabaroo ajrahum bi ahsani maa kaanoo ya’maloon

25:33

And no question do they bring to thee but We reveal to thee the truth and the best explanation (thereof).

wa laa ya’toonaka bimashalin illaa ji’naaka bil haqqi wa ahsana tafseer

29:46

And dispute ye not with the People of the Book, except with means better (than mere disputation), unless it be with those of them who inflict wrong (and injury): but say, “We believe in the revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you; Our Allah and your Allah is one; and it is to Him we bow (in Islam).”

wa laa tujaadiloo ahlal kitaabi illaa billatee hiya ahsanu …

39:55

“And follow the best of (the courses) revealed to you from your Lord, before the Penalty comes on you – of a sudden while ye perceive not!-

wattabi’oo ahsana maa unzila ilaykum min rabbikum min qabli an ya’tiyakumul ‘azaabu baghtatan wa antum laa tash’uroon

95:4

We have indeed created man in the best of moulds,

laqad khalaqnal insaana fee ahsani taqweem

============================================

  • Muhsineen = the benefactors, the virtuous, the benevolents (obj.)

2:195

And spend of your substance in the cause of Allah, and make not your own hands contribute to (your) destruction; but do good; for Allah loveth those who do good.

wa anfiqoo fee sabeelillaahi wa laa tulqoo bi aydeekum ilattahlukati wa ahsinoo innallaaha yuhibbul muhsineen

3:134

Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men;- for Allah loves those who do good;-

allazeena yunfiqoona fis sawwaa’i wadh dharraa’i wal kaazhimeenal ghayzha wal ‘aafeena ‘anin naasi wallaahu yuhibbul muhsineen

5:13

But because of their breach of their covenant, We cursed them, and made their hearts grow hard; they change the words from their (right) places and forget a good part of the message that was sent them, nor wilt thou cease to find them- barring a few – ever bent on (new) deceits: but forgive them, and overlook (their misdeeds): for Allah loveth those who are kind.

… innallaaha yuhibbul muhsineen

12:90

They said: “Art thou indeed Joseph?” He said, “I am Joseph, and this is my brother: Allah has indeed been gracious to us (all): behold, he that is righteous and patient,- never will Allah suffer the reward to be lost, of those who do right.”

… innahu man yattaqi wa yasbir fa innallaaha laa yudhee’u ajral muhsineen

77:44

Thus do We certainly reward the Doers of Good.

innaa kazaalika najzil muhsineen

=========================================

  • Yahzanoon = they grieve, sadden or will grive

2:112

Nay,-whoever submits His whole self to Allah and is a doer of good,- He will get his reward with his Lord; on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

balaa man aslama wajhahu lillaahi wa huwa muhsinun falahoo ajruhu ‘inda rabbihee wa laa khawfun ‘alayhim wa laa hum yahzanoon

 

2:274

Those who (in charity) spend of their goods by night and by day, in secret and in public, have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

… wa laa khawfun ‘alayhim wa laa hum yahzanoon

2:277

Those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness, and establish regular prayers and regular charity, will have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

innallazeena aamanoo wa ‘amilus saalihaati wa aqaamus salaata wa tawuz zakaata lahum ajruhum ‘inda rabbihim wa laa khawfun ‘alayhim wa laa hum yahzanoon

 

3:176

Let not those grieve thee who rush headlong into Unbelief: Not the least harm will they do to Allah: Allah’s plan is that He will give them no portion in the Hereafter, but a severe punishment.

wa laa yahzunkallazeena yusaari’oona fil kufri innahum lan yadhurrullaaha shay’an …

10:62

Behold! verily on the friends of Allah there is no fear, nor shall they grieve;

allaa inna awliyaa’allaahi laa khawfun ‘alayhim wa laa hum yahzanoon

39:61

But Allah will deliver the righteous to their place of salvation: no evil shall touch them, nor shall they grieve.

41:30

In the case of those who say, “Our Lord is Allah”, and, further, stand straight and steadfast, the angels descejd on them (from time to time): “Fear ye not!” (they suggest), “Nor grieve! but receive the Glad Tidings of the Garden (of Bliss), the which ye were promised!

innallazeena qaaloo rabbunallaahu thummas taqaamoo tatanazzalu ‘alayhimul malaa’ikatu allaa takhaafoo wa laa tahzanoo wa abshiroo bil jannatillatee kuntum too’adoon

===================================

  • Ithnayn = Two

2:203

Celebrate the praises of Allah during the Appointed Days. But if any one hastens to leave in two days, there is no blame on him, and if any one stays on, there is no blame on him, if his aim is to do right. Then fear Allah, and know that ye will surely be gathered unto Him.

waz kurullaaha fee ayyaamin ma’doodaatin faman ta’ajjala fee yaw mayni falaa ithma ‘alayhi wa man talakhkhara falaa ithma ‘alayhi limanittaqaa …

18:32

Set forth to them the parable of two men: for one of them We provided two gardens of grape-vines and surrounded them with date palms; in between the two We placed corn-fields.

wadhrib lahum mathalan rajulayni ja’alnaa li ahadi himaa jannatayni min a’naabin wa hafafnaahumaa bi nakhlin wa ja’alnaa baynahumaa zar’aa

35:1

Praise be to Allah, Who created (out of nothing) the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels, messengers with wings,- two, or three, or four (pairs): He adds to Creation as He pleases: for Allah has power over all things.

alhamdu lillaahi faatiris samaawaati wal ardhi jaa’ilil malaa’ikati rusulan oolee ajnihatin mathnaa wa thulaatha wa rubaa’a …

36:14

When We (first) sent to them two messengers, they rejected them: But We strengthened them with a third: they said, “Truly, we have been sent on a mission to you.”

iz arsalnaa ilayhimu-thnayni fakazzaboo humaa fa’azzaznaa bithaalithin fa qaaloo innaa ilaykum mursaloon

53:45

That He did create in pairs,- male and female,

wa annahu khalaqaz zawjayniz zakara wal unthaa

=========================================

  • Thalaatha(t) = Three

2:228

Divorced women shall wait concerning themselves for three monthly periods. Nor is it lawful for them to hide what Allah Hath created in their wombs, if they have faith in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands have the better right to take them back in that period, if they wish for reconciliation. And women shall have rights similar to the rights against them, according to what is equitable; but men have a degree (of advantage) over them. And Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise.

wal mutallaqaatu yatarabbasna bi anfusihinna thalaathata quroo’in …

3:124

Remember thou saidst to the Faithful: “Is it not enough for you that Allah should help you with three thousand angels (Specially) sent down?

iz taqoolu lil mu’mineena alan yakfiyakum an yumiddakum rabbukum bi thalaathati aalaafin minal malaa’ikati munzaleen

4:3

If ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans, Marry women of your choice, Two or three or four; but if ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one, or (a captive) that your right hands possess, that will be more suitable, to prevent you from doing injustice.

wa in khiftum allaa tuqsitoo fil yataamaa fankihoo maa taaba lakum minan nisaa’i mathnaa wa thulaatha wa rubaa’a …

5:73

They do blaspheme who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no god except One Allah. If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy), verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among them.

laqad kafarallazeena qaaloo innallaaha thaalithu thalaathatin wa maa min ilaahin illaa ilaahun waahidun …

24:58

O ye who believe! let those whom your right hands possess, and the (children) among you who have not come of age ask your permission (before they come to your presence), on three occasions: before morning prayer; the while ye doff your clothes for the noonday heat; and after the late-night prayer: these are your three times of undress: outside those times it is not wrong for you or for them to move about attending to each other: Thus does Allah make clear the Signs to you: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.

====================================

  • Hakeem = Wise, Ever-wise

2:32

They said: “Glory to Thee, of knowledge We have none, save what Thou Hast taught us: In truth it is Thou Who art perfect in knowledge and wisdom.”

qaaloo subhaanaka laa ‘ilma lanaa illaa maa ‘allamtanaa innaka antal ‘aleemul hakeem

2:260

When Abraham said: “Show me, Lord, how You will raise the dead, “He replied: “Have you no faith?” He said “Yes, but just to reassure my heart.” Allah said, “Take four birds, draw them to you, and cut their bodies to pieces. Scatter them over the mountain-tops, then call them back. They will come swiftly to you. Know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.”

… qaala fakhuz arba’atan minat tayri fasurhunna ilayka thummaj’al ‘alaa kulli jabalin minhunna juz’an thummad ‘uhunna ya’teenaka sa’yan wa’lam annallaaha ‘azeezun hakeem

4:17

Allah accept the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and repent soon afterwards; to them will Allah turn in mercy: For Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.

innamat tawbatu ‘alallaahi lillazeena ya’maloonas soo’a bi jahaalatin thumma yatooboona min qareebin fa oolaa’ika yatoobullaahu ‘alayhim wa kanallaahu ‘aleeman hakeemaa

=====================================

  • Al-Hukum = Wisdom, legal decision

5:43

But why do they come to thee for decision, when they have (their own) law before them?- therein is the (plain) command of Allah; yet even after that, they would turn away. For they are not (really) People of Faith.

wa kayfa yuhakkimoonaka wa ‘indahumut tawraatu feehaa hukmullaahi thumma yatawallawna min ba’di zaalika wa maa oolaa’ika bil mu’mineen

12:40

“If not Him, ye worship nothing but names which ye have named,- ye and your fathers,- for which Allah hath sent down no authority: the command is for none but Allah: He hath commanded that ye worship none but Him: that is the right religion, but most men understand not…

… inil hukmu illaa lillaahi amara allaa ta’budoo illaa iyyaahu zaalikad deenul qayyimu wa laakinna aktharan naasi laa ya’lamoon

13:37

Thus have We revealed it to be a judgment of authority in Arabic. Wert thou to follow their (vain) desires after the knowledge which hath reached thee, then wouldst thou find neither protector nor defender against Allah.

wa kazaalika anzalnaahu hukman ‘arabiyyan …

16:124

The Sabbath was only made (strict) for those who disagreed (as to its observance); But Allah will judge between them on the Day of Judgment, as to their differences.

 

21:79

To Solomon We inspired the (right) understanding of the matter: to each (of them) We gave Judgment and Knowledge; it was Our power that made the hills and the birds celebrate Our praises, with David: it was We Who did (all these things).

===================================================

  • Al-Hamd = the Praise

1:2

Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds;

alhamdu lillaahi rabbil ‘aalameen

18:1

Praise be to Allah, Who hath sent to His Servant the Book, and hath allowed therein no Crookedness:

alhamdu lillaahillazee anzala ‘alaa ‘abdihil kitaaba wa lam yaj’allahu ‘iwajaa

34:1

Praise be to Allah, to Whom belong all things in the heavens and on earth: to Him be Praise in the Hereafter: and He is Full of Wisdom, acquainted with all things.

alhamdu lillaahillazee lahu maa fis samaawaati wa maa fil ardhi wa lahul hamdu fil aakhirati wa huwal hakeemul khabeer

===========================================

  • Yahlifoona = They swear, they take oath

9:42

If there had been immediate gain (in sight), and the journey easy, they would (all) without doubt have followed thee, but the distance was long, (and weighed) on them. They would indeed swear by Allah, “If we only could, we should certainly have come out with you”: They would destroy their own souls; for Allah doth know that they are certainly lying.

… wa sa yahlifoona billaahi lawistata’naa lakharajnaa ma’akum yuhlikoona anfusahum wallaahu ya’lamu innahum lakaaziboon

9:56

They swear by Allah that they are indeed of you; but they are not of you: yet they are afraid (to appear in their true colours).

wa yahlifoona billaahi innahum laminkum wa maa hum minkum wa laakinnahum qawmun yafraqoon

9:107

And there are those who put up a mosque by way of mischief and infidelity – to disunite the Believers – and in preparation for one who warred against Allah and His Messenger aforetime. They will indeed swear that their intention is nothing but good; But Allah doth declare that they are certainly liars.

… wa la yahlifunna in aradnaa illal husnaa wallaahu yash-hadu innahum lakaaziboon

 

==========================================

  • Haleem = patient, clement, forbearing, gentle

2:225

Allah will not call you to account for thoughtlessness in your oaths, but for the intention in your hearts; and He is Oft-forgiving, Most Forbearing.

laa yu’aakhizu kumullaahu billaghwi fee aymaanikum wa laakin yu’aakhizukum bimaa kasabat quloobukum wallaahu ghafoorun haleem

2:263

Kind words and the covering of faults are better than charity followed by injury. Allah is free of all wants, and He is Most-Forbearing.

qawlun ma’roofun wa maghfiratun khayrun min sadaqatin yatba’uhaa azan wallaahu ghaniyyun haleem

17:44

The seven heavens and the earth, and all beings therein, declare His glory: there is not a thing but celebrates His praise; And yet ye understand not how they declare His glory! Verily He is Oft-Forbear, Most Forgiving!

… innahu kaana haleeman ghafoor

37:101

We gave him the good news of a boy ready to suffer and forbear.

fa bashsharnaahu bi ghulaamin haleem

64:17

If ye loan to Allah, a beautiful loan, He will double it to your (credit), and He will grant you Forgiveness: for Allah is most Ready to appreciate (service), Most Forbearing,-

in tuqridhullaaha qardhan hasanan yudhaa’ifhu lakum wa yaghfir lakum wallaahu shakoorun haleem

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