As-Salamu `Alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh (May Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!)
I was confused by the issue of intention after I had listened to several lectures, and knew that intention is divided into three stages:
(1) To dedicate all actions to Allah sincerely without seeking anything from the world.
(2) To dedicate actions solely to Allah but seeking also therewith the reward of the Hereafter and the fruit of the world.
(3) To dedicate it for the world only. Also I read Allah’s Saying: “Whosoever desires the life of the world and its glitter; to them We shall pay in full (the wages of) their deeds therein, and they will have no diminution therein.” [Surat Hud: 15].
As for the Prophet’s saying: “Whosoever desires (by his deeds) the reward of the Hereafter, We give him increase in his reward, and whosoever desires the reward of this world (by his deeds), We give him thereof (what is decreed for him), and he has no portion in the Hereafter.” [Surat Ash-Shura: 20], but sins always prevent us from understanding the significance of these Ayahs; so I hope you clarify things out.
Also, I read about the subject of charity where the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Cure your patients with charities.”
Scholars mentioned that whoever gives in charity just to cure a sick person shall have no reward in the Hereafter.
The first question: How can we compromise between those who do actions for the sake of Allah but seeking therewith a worldly benefit and the actions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the Companions where the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to:
• Offer Salah for Rain which is a worldly sustenance.
• Offer the Salah of need.
• The Prophet’s commandment to his daughter Fatimah when she came to ask for a servant,which is a worldly matter, to recite Adhkar (invocations and Remembrances said at certain times on a regular basis) before sleeping.
• The story of the Companion whose son was captured and the Prophet (peace be upon him) commanded him with frequent saying of: “La Hawla wala Quwata illa billah (There is neither might nor power except with Allah!).”
Do these instances contradict dedicating actions to Allah with the purpose of achieving a worldly benefit?
The second question is: My son is sick, which intention should I have when I want to give in charity?
The third question is: When I need to achieve a worldly benefit and I want to seek Allah’s Aid to fulfill it, what should I do? What intention should I have in this action?
The fourth question is: How to compromise between relying on Allah when starting worldly actions for the sake of combining between worldly benefits and sincerity?
The fifth question and the last is: How could we correct intention and how to make sure of it? I have the intention of seeking knowledge (Engineering for example) because I love it and for the sake of sustenance, but sometimes fame sneaks into my heart, how to correct my intention?
May Allah reward you the best.