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Investigate Islam – arabic  المقالات مكتبة طريق الخلاص لاهوتيات نصرانيات

Posts Tagged ‘History of Islam’

About the Qur’anic manuscript discovered in Birmingham

Saturday, July 25th, 2015

Tests reveal ‪#‎Quran‬ manuscript is among oldest in the world, says UK university…

Dawah Power by Jamshed Javed's photo.

Here’s a really informative graphic comparing the Qur’anic manuscript discovered in Birmingham with the modern day Qur’an… and they’re practically identical!

Allahu akbar, in the very city where the Prime Minister of the UK attacked orthodox Muslims for being extreme, is the very city in which Allah (swt) allowed for this miracle to emerge. A miracle, in that this proves the preservation of the Qur’an to be true – a feat that’s beyond human ability to reproduce. Now the Islamophobes and skeptics have a dilemma, being as many have made careers off the unfounded assertion that the Qur’an was compiled much later, or has been subject to change. This manuscript appears to fly in the face of both claims.

And look at the section that has been preserved…

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Andalusia: Bridge of Muslim Civilization to Europe

Friday, September 21st, 2012

Introduction

The eternity of civilizations is measured by the amount of the everlasting contributions they offer to the history of humanity in various aspects of thought, sciences, and morals.

As we learn about the great role Islamic civilization played in the history of human development, we can identify these contributions through what Europe or the European renaissance and civilization has achieved. This is because the accomplishments of European civilization have been influenced by Islamic civilization which preceded it.

Without exaggeration, the modern European history is the natural extension of the history of Islamic civilization when it was flourishing. There was no separation between them.

Routes of Islamic Civilization to Europe

Historians are almost unanimous that Islamic civilization came in contact with the Christian European West during the medieval times, when Europe was going through total darkness, through three main routes. These routes, which varied in the level of activity and cultural impact, were Andalusia, Sicily, and the crusades.

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The Battle of Uhud: Victory – Not Defeat

Sunday, July 29th, 2012

The Almighty Allah sent our prophet Muhammad to mankind after a break in the series of messengers at a time when the world was immersed in a deep darkness of ignorance. The Prophet and his companions started spreading the religion and the disbelievers challenged his message and unsheathed their swords to fight him. The Muslims faced them in the battle of Badr and realised a great victory by Allah’s command. The flag of Islam was raised high and the disbelievers returned to Makkah disgraced, everyone mourning the killing of his relative and lamenting over his misfortune.
The defeat was so painful for the disbelievers that they resolved to confront the Muslims again. They spent a whole year amassing as many weapons and men as they could to fight the Muslims. They left Makkah for Madeenah in the third year of Hijrah in order to avenge their defeat during the Battle of Badr.
Upon reaching Madeenah they camped at mount Uhud. Meanwhile some men among the Muslims who were unfortunate enough not to have participated in the Battle of Badr and were enthusiastic about Jihad advised the Messenger of Allah to go out and meet the enemy. The Prophet agreed and all the Muslims likewise were determined to go out and meet them.
After performing Friday Prayers, the Prophet entered his house, and emerged wearing an armoured breastplate, and declared, “It is not appropriate for any Prophet who has once put on his armour to take it off again until Allah has judged between him and his enemy (by granting one victory over the other).”
The Prophet then set out in the company of one thousand men, one thi  rd of whom turned back home after travelling part of the way towards Mount Uhud under the influence of the head of the hypocrites; Abdullah bin Ubay. The Prophet proceeded with the remaining men until he camped at the trail of Mount Uhud putting the mountain behind him and facing the idolaters. He assigned some fifty archers under the command of Abdullah ibn Jubair to man a small strategic foothill and commanded them not to leave their position under any circumstances.

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The Battle of Badr – a battle between Truth and falsehood

Sunday, July 29th, 2012

Life in Makkah was becoming difficult for the Muslims. The growing oppression and tortures of the Kuffar became unbearable. The Muslims were prevented from worshiping Allah. Consequently, Allah, the Exalted, revealed orders to migrate. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) and his companions secretly planned to escape the watchful disbelievers, who intended to kill the Prophet and his companions in their own homeland and thus bring an end to the religion of Islam. But Allah, the Exalted, aided His Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) to immigrate to al-Medina. This carefully planned and prudent escape of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) and the Sahabah created great anxiety and rancor in the hearts of the disbelievers.
The new abode of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam), al-Medina, integrated the commercial routes to Makkah. The trade caravans of the disbelievers passing near al-Median now faced serious danger. The disbelievers had already experienced the love and devotion of the Sahabah for Allah and His Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam). They knew that the Sahabah were always ready to sacrifice everything they had for the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam). Thus, in order to safeguard their trade, the disbelievers undertook all possible efforts to expel the Muslims from al-Medina.
They sent a serious ultimatum to the chief of the disbelievers in al-Medina,  Abdullah Ibn Ubai Ibn Sahul, ordering him to fight or drive out the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) from al-Medina. Otherwise, they would attack their city and destroy their people. However, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) cautioned Abdullah and his men from taking any cruel steps against the Muslims and as a result of his cowardice, Abdullah withheld his devilish plan. The disbelievers of Makkah also sent a note to the Ansaar (the Muslims of al-Medina who aided Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)) threatening to put them to death if they helped the Prophet or defended him. But the Ansaar loved Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) more than their lives and therefore paid no heed to the threats.

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Adherence to The Cultural Heritage

Monday, July 23rd, 2012

Adherence to The Cultural Heritage

Secondly: The Fanatical Adherence Of The Pagan Arabs To The Cultural Heritage They Inherited From Their Ancestors

It was the practice of these idolaters to revere whatever customs they found their forefathers doing. In fact it was the most important rule of their society and whoever hesitated to accept something or rejected part of their culture he was considered to have dishonored the ancestors by not giving them their proper respect. This was considered to be disobedience as well as being injurious to keeping alive their memory. As a result the biggest obstacle to the message of tawheed that all of the prophets and messengers came with was ancestor worship in the form of blindly and unquestioningly following their customs and practices.

The people of Musa rejected the message of tawheed because they felt unable to turn away from the practices of their forefathers and become followers of something new. Allah the Most High says:

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The Weak Influence

Monday, July 23rd, 2012

The Weak Influence

Firstly: The Weak Influence Of Previous Prophets In The Arabian Peninsula

The influence of prophet hood and divine guidance was negligible in the Arabian Peninsula due to the fact that no prophet was ever sent to the Arabian Peninsula before the coming of Muhammad (peace be upon him), who was the last and final prophet sent to all of mankind. Allah, the Most High, informs us that the Arabs were never sent a prophet in His statement:

Or say they: He (Muhammad) has fabricated it? Nay, it is the truth from your Lord, so that you may warn a people to whom no warner has come before you [O Muhammad (peace be upon him)] in order that they may be guided.

[Surah As-Sajdah, Verse 3]

Allah also says:

In order that you may warn a people whose forefathers were not warned, so they are heedless

[Surah Yasin, Verse 7]

Ibn Juraij said: a messenger from Allah the Mighty, the Majestic, didnt come to them or to their forefathers. And a similar saying was attributed to Qataada. (Refer to the Tafseer of Ibn Jarir, Vol. 22 page 150)

And Allah explains that no book was revealed to them nor was there any messenger sent to them in his statement:

And We had not given them scriptures which they could study, nor sent to them before you [O Muhammad (peace be upon him)] any warner (Messenger).(1)

[Qur’aan]

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The Rejection

Monday, July 23rd, 2012

The Rejection

Any new movement or cause that emerges for the first time in a society will be considered strange and unfamiliar and will be met with skepticism, apprehensiveness, and doubt and in most cases will be met with opposition, rejection and disapproval. The wider the gap between the society and its beliefs, customs and laws and the ideals of the new movement, the greater the conflict and aversion between the two.

If we imagine the pre-Islamic nation of Arabs that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was in the midst of, full of corruption, deviant beliefs, and foolish customs, we understand that the people were engrossed in idolatry. We can then we compare that with the message that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was sent with by his Lord; a message that was complete, beautiful, pure and purifying; a message that called on the people to reject all of their false deities and to make all of their worship for Allah alone; a message that called on the people to stop worshipping rocks and trees and idols that dont see or hear or benefit those who worship them. A message that called on the people to leave all of their deviant beliefs related to angels and jinn that were deeply rooted in pre-Islamic Arab culture; a message that called on the people to change the laws and the common customs of the time.

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Expansion Of Islam In Madinah

Monday, July 23rd, 2012

Expansion Of Islam In Madinah

The teachings of Islam were so contagious that the people of the Aus and the Khazraj, awakened to interest, quickly attested their faith in it. Sad Ibn Muadh was the first to embrace, then Usayd Ibn Hudayr, the leader of Bani Abdul Ashhal, a clan of Aus followed suit. The wise and courteous stance of Musab Ibn Umary, together with the proper manner in which he presented Islam to them, convinced these people of the truth that is Islam. Then the remaining clansmen of Bani Abdul Ashal were led to accept the faith such that shortly thereafter, there was not a house of the Ansaar in which a man or a woman had not given his or her faith to Islam. (Ibn Hisham, Vol. I, pp. 436-38)

 

THE SECOND PLEDGE OF AQABA

In the next year, during Haj, Musab Ibn Umayr wen t back to Mecca with a number of Ansaar Muslims and other polytheists of Madinah. After the Ansaar had performed their pilgrimage, the Prophet (peace be upon him) met them at the previous years meeting place late in the middle of the night. At this time, there were seventy-three of them, including two women. The Prophet of God (peace be upon him) came accompanied by his Uncle, Abbas Ibn Abdul Muttalib, who had still not embraced Islam.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) talked to them, read some of the Quran and invited them to accept Islam. Then he said, I invite your allegiance on a condition that you would protect me in the same way as you would your women and children. They gave allegiance to the Prophet (peace be upon him) but demanded that he would not leave them nor return to his own people. The Prophet (peace be upon him) then said in reply, I am of you and you are of me. I will fight against them that make war upon you and have peace with those that keep peace with you.

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Strategic Importance of Madinah

Monday, July 23rd, 2012

Strategic Importance of Madinah

Apart from the great honor to be bestowed upon the people of Madinah and such other reasons accessible only to the All-knowing God, one of the considerations in the selection of the town as the future center of Islam was that it was, from a strategic point of view brought about by its geography and defense, impregnable like a fortified city. No other town of the Arabian Peninsula enjoyed the same advantage. Lying in a lava plain, surrounded on all sides by chains of high mountains, Western side of the city is protected by the lava and extremely uneven hilly terrain known as Harratal-al-Wabra (22) while Harra-al-Waqim surrounds it on the eastern side. Madinah lies unprotected and open to military advance only in the north (where, in 5 A.H., the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered to dig trenches on the occasion of the battle of clans). Thickly clustered plantations of date-palm groves encompassed the town on the remaining sides. An army taking this route would have had to maintain communications through deep valleys and ravines. Thus, it would have been difficult to attack Madinah in full force from these sides while the defenders could have easily conquered the invaders through small outlying pickets.

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The Beginning of Islam Among The Ansaar

Monday, July 23rd, 2012

The Beginning of Islam Among The Ansaar

The Prophet (peace be upon him) met some of the Yathribites belonging to the Khazraj at Aqabah (20) when he went to preach Islam to the tribes throughout the tenure of pilgrimage. He told them about Islam and called on them to serve God alone, reciting some Quranic verses in the process. As these people lived in Yathrib side by side with the Jews who often told them that an Prophet (peace be upon him) of God was soon to come, they said to one another: By God, this is the same thing that the Jews informed us; Lo, nobody should now get ahead of you. Thereupon they accepted his teachings and embraced Islam. They also said to the Prophet, When we left our people, conflict and hatred divided them more than any other. Perhaps God will unite them through you. We shall inform them to accept this religion of yours which has been accepted by us, and if God unites them on you, then no man shall be honored more than you. (Ibn Hisham, Vol. I, pp. 428-29)

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