How to treat the Jews and Christians according to Islam, a question answered by Ahmed Deedat.
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There is less uncertainty about the opportunities offered to the Jews in consolidating their religious supremacy over Arabia. Had they so willed, they could have used their influence to the best advantage. But as it is too prominent among every student of Jewish history, they have never made any effort to invite other nations to embrace their faith, rather, for certain reasons, they have been forbidden to preach this to others. (Dr. Israel Welphenson; Al-Yahud fi Balad il-Arab, p. 72)
Be that as it may, many of the Aus and the Khazraj and certain other Arab tribes had been Judaized owing to their close social connections with the Jews or ties of blood. Thus, there were Jews in Arabia, who were of Israelite descent, with a fraction of Arab converts. The well-known poet Kab b. Ashraf (often called an an-Nadir) belonged to the tribe of Tayy. His father had married in the tribe of Bani an-Nadir but he grew up to be a zealous Jew. Ibn Hisham writes about him: Kab b. Ashraf who was one of the Tayy of the sub-section of Bani Nabhan whose mother was from the Bani al-Nadir. (Ibn Hisham, Vol. P. 514).
by this new brotherhood, muhammad achieved an operational muslim unity. politically, it was a very wise move destined to show muhammad’s sound judgment and foresight. we shall better appreciate its wisdom when we learn of the attempts to divide al aws against al khazraj, and al ansar against al muhajirun. the politically greater achievement of muhammad was his realization of a unity for the, city of yathrib as a whole, his construction of a political structure in which the jews entered freely into an alliance of mutual cooperation with the muslims. we have already seen how the jews gave muhammad a good welcome in the hope of winning him as an ally. he, too, returned their greeting with like gestures and sought to consolidate his relations with them. he visited their chiefs and cultivated the friendship of their nobles.
the study of the policies our prophet (saws ) , adopted in dealing with jews highlights
many givens that help us understand some of the supreme principles of islam on one hand and reveal some of the suitable aspects we can use to deal with jews in general on the other hand. this is really important in light of our struggle against the zionist enemy that represents the bitterest challenge in our modern history.
in order to understand the prophet’ s (saws ) tactics regarding the jews during that period, we have first to touch upon the nature of the jewish presence in arab peninsula then.
Q: I have heard the following: that the Jews tried to kill the Messenger 3 times. And the last time was 6 years before the prophet (peace and blessings of allaah be upon him) died, with poisoned mutton, of which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ate two mouthfuls, then Allaah caused the sheep to speak and tell the Messenger that it was poisoned. When the Messenger died, he said that it was as if he could taste that mutton. Is this true? If it is true, then it means that we have a great score to settle with them.
A: Praise be to Allaah.
The Jews wanted to kill the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on several occasions, including the following: