Written by Dr. Ragheb Elsergany
The Islamic Sharia enjoins its followers to maintain cooperation, solidarity and unity of feelings and emotions among them, in addition to their solidarity in the needs and materialistic matters. Therefore, they became like the solid cemented structure whose parts enforce each other. Narrated by Abu Musa al Ash’ari, the Prophet (PBUH) says: “A believer to another believer is like a building whose different parts enforce each other.”, or like the one body in which if any part is not well then the whole body shares the sleeplessness and fever with it. The Prophet says: “You see the believers as regards their being merciful among themselves and showing love among themselves and being kind, resembling one body, so that, if any part of the body is not well then the whole body shares the sleeplessness (insomnia) and fever with it.”
Comprehensiveness of Solidarity in Islam
Social solidarity in Islam does not merely stop at the material benefit, which is one of solidarity’s main aspects, but covers all the needs of the society; individuals and groups, whether these needs are material, moral or intellectual, and in the widest scope of these concepts. This means solidarity involves all the basic rights of individuals and groups in the nation.
All the teachings of Islam affirm the comprehensive nature of solidarity among Muslims. That is why the Muslim community is stranger to individualism, selfishness and negativism. The Muslim community, rather, lives on faithful brotherhood, generosity and helping one another in righteousness and piety all the time.