The Concept Of Sin

Dr. Hammudah Abdalati

Source: Islam In Focus

One of the major troublesome areas of human existence is the problem of sin or evil in the world. It is commonly believed that sin started with Adam and Eve during their life in the Garden of Eden. That event led to the fall and has ever since branded the human race with guilt, stigma, and bewilderment.


Read More

Number of View :898

Do We Have the Original Old Testament?

Encyclopedia Britannica says, “The Old Testament was written in different eras (times), and by the hands of different authors from different cultures”.

In his book, “The Story of Civilization”, Will Durant said that these stories had been mixed, and took their final form in 300 BCE. He said, “Scholars agree that the earliest book of the Old Testament’s books is Genesis, some of it was written in Judah, and some in Israel. Then what was written here and there was combined after the fall of the two countries. The prevailing opinion is that the five books of the Torah took their final form in about 300 BCE”.

Read More

Number of View :858

Original Sin


The concept of original sin is completely foreign to Judaism and Eastern Christianity, having achieved acceptance in only the Western Church. Furthermore, Christian and Islamic concepts of sin are virtual opposites with respect to certain nuances. For example, there is no concept of “sinning in the mind” in Islam; to a Muslim, an evil thought becomes a good deed when a person refuses to act upon it. Overcoming and dismissing the evil thoughts which forever assail our minds is considered deserving of reward rather than punishment. Islamically speaking, an evil thought only becomes sinful when fulfilled.

            Conceiving good deeds is more contrary to the base nature of man. Since our creation, if not bound by societal or religious restrictions, humankind has historically dined on the banquet of life with lust and abandon. The orgies of self-indulgence that have carpeted the corridors of history envelop not only individuals and small communities, but even major world powers which ate their fill of deviancy to the point of self-destruction. Sodom and Gomorrah may top most lists, but the greatest powers of the ancient world—to include the Greek, Roman and Persian empires, as well as those of Genghis Khan and Alexander the Great—certainly bear dishonorable mention. But while examples of communal decadence are innumerable, cases of individual corruption are exponentially more common.

Read More

Number of View :754

Is it prescribed for the one who commits a sin to give charity after that?

Praise be to Allaah.

Giving voluntary charity is a confirmed Sunnah at all times, as is indicated by the Qur’aan and Sunnah and the consensus of the scholars. It says in Kashshaaf al-Qinaa‘ (2/295): Voluntary charity is mustahabb at all times according to consensus, because Allah, may He be exalted, enjoined it and encouraged it… End quote. See also the answer to question no. 36783.


What is required of the Muslim if he commits a sin is to repent to Allah from it immediately, because Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And all of you beg Allaah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful”

al-Noor 24:31.

And His Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) instructed us to repent, as he said: “O people, repent to Allaah, for I repent to Allaah one hundred times a day.” Narrated by Muslim (2702). See also the answer to question no. 129479.

If the sin had to do with the rights of another person, such as stealing or usurping property, the right must be restored to the one to whom it belongs, or his pardon and forgiveness should be sought. For more information on the other conditions of sincere repentance, please see the answer to question no. 104241.

Read More

Number of View :781

The consequences of committing sins

by  Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jowziyyah  

The great scholar Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jowziyyah wrote the following words
in a famous tract called Al-Jawaab Al-Kaafi in response to a letter
written to him by an individual who was seeking advice on how to rid
himself of major sin. We take a look at the dire consequences of
committing sins in general.

One: The Prevention of Knowledge
Knowledge is a light which Allah throws into the heart, and disobedience
extinguishes this light. Imaam Shaafi’ee said: I complained to Wakee’
about the weakness of my memory so he ordered me to abandon disobedience
and informed me that knowledge is light and that the light of Allah is not
given to the disobedient.

Two: The Prevention of Sustenance
Just as Taqwaa brings about sustenance, the abandonment of Taqwaa causes
poverty. There is nothing which can bring about sustenance like the
abandonment of disobedience.

Read More

Number of View :793

Falling into Sin

by  Anonymous  

al-Jumu’ah Magazine


As one of only two Muslims in a small Kentucky town one summer, it was
hard not to notice the stares. Coming from a mostly Muslim setting, it
was a difficult adjustment for the sixth-grader visiting Christian
relatives. “I felt I went from being a perfectly normal, happy child
with many interests and friends, to something akin to a monster.”
Everything about her suddenly became wrong; and so, beyond the eyes of
the Ummah, some set about fixing her. “The funny thing is that I was
taught to have a healthy respect for Allah’s revelations. And that, in
part, is what they used against me. I was in a nightmare filled with
emotional vampires and spiritual cannibals and I knew this was not the
teachings of the honorable Prophet Eesa alayhes sallam. But I wanted to
be liked and accepted.”

The second-generation Muslim, and seventh generation American, left the
town with her faith shaken in a God who could have put her through
that, and in her belief in the inherent goodness and oneness of people.
But mostly her emaan, her faith in Allah now felt just beyond her
reach. Her better instincts had been dulled. She’d done a few things
she felt ashamed of and she sometimes lapsed into small bouts of
depression. There was a small ball of anger eating at her gut. She
didn’t think she could ever tell anyone about her experiences. She just
wanted to be left alone…

Read More

Number of View :683

A reminder on The Fourth Major Sin

Salaam alaikum wrt wbt,

Here is some evidence, that we not only have to pray 5 times a
day, but that we have to do it on time.

The following is from Al Kabaair -The Major Sins by Sh.

			The Fourth Major Sin

			     Not Praying

Allah most High says:

Then there succeeded them a generation which neglected prayers
and followed lusts. They will meet with destruction (Ghayy),
excepting the one who repents and believes and acts righteously.
(Quran 19:59-60)

Ibn abbas (RAA) explained that <> here does not mean
that they completely abandoned prayers, but that they delayed
them to the end of their prescribed times. Sa'id bin Musayyab, a
great Imam following the generation of the Companions,
elaborated on this, saying: "A person neglects if he delays the
noon prayer up to the afternoon prayer time, afternoon prayer up
to almost sunset prayer time, sunset prayer up to evening prayer
time, and evening prayer up to morning prayer time, while
delaying morning prayer until just before sunrise.  If anyone
dies without repentance while continuing in this manner, Allah
has promised Ghayy for him, and that is a valley in Hell which
is very deep and has foul food."

Read More

Number of View :699

The Major Sins in Islam


The Major Sins

The major sins are those acts which have been forbidden by Allah in the Quran and by His Messenger (SAW) in the Sunnah (practise of the Prophet), and which have been made clear by the actions of of the first righteous generation of Muslims, the Companions of the Prophet (SAW).

Allah Most High says in His Glorious Book:

If you avoid the major (part) of what you have been forbidden (to do), We will cancel out for you your (other) evil deeds and will admit you (to Paradise) with a noble entry. (al-Nisa 4:31)

Thus by this verse, Allah Most High has guaranteed the Garden of Paradise to those who avoid the major sins. And Allah Most High also says:

Those who avoid the greatest of sins and indecencies, and forgive when they are angry (al-Shra 42:37) Those who avoid the greatest sins and indecencies, except for oversights, (will find that) surely your Lord is ample in forgiveness. (Al-Najm 53:32)

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “The five [daily] prayers, Friday to Friday, and Ramadan to Ramadan make atonement for what has happened since the previous one when major sins have been avoided.” It is therefore very important to determine exactly what the greatest vices, technically called “the major sins” (Kaba’ir), are, in order that Muslims should avoid them.

There is some difference of opinion among scholars in this regard. Some say these major sins are seven, and in support of their position they quote the tradition: “Avoid the seven noxious things”- and after having said this, the propeht (SAW) mentioned them: “associating anything with Allah; magic; killing one whom Allah has declared inviolate without a just case, consuming the property of an orphan, devouring usury, turning back when the army advances, and slandering chaste women who are believers but indiscreet.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas said: “Seventy is closer to their number than seven,” and indeed that is correct. The above tradition does not limit the major sins to those mentioned in it. Rather, it points to the type of sins which fall into the category of “major.” These include those crimes which call for a prescribed punishment (HADD; plural, HUDUD), such as theft, fornication or adultery (ZINA), and murder; those prohibited acts for which a warning of a severe punishment in the Next is given in the Qur’an or the tradition; and also those deeds which are cursed by our Prophet (SAW). These are all major sins.

Of course, there is a gradation among them, since some are more serious than others. We see that the Prophet (SAW) has included SHIRK (associating someone or something with Allah) among them, and from the text of the Qur’an we know that a person who commits SHIRK will not his sin be forgiven and will remain in Hell forever.

Allah Most High says:

Surely, Allah does not forgive associating anything with Him, and He forgives whatever is other than that to whomever He wills. (al-Nisa 4:48 and 116)

01. Associating anything with Allah
02. Murder
03. Practising magic
04. Not Praying
05. Not paying Zakat
06. Not fasting on a Day of Ramadan without excuse
07. Not performing Hajj, while being able to do so
08. Disrespect to parents
09. Abandoning relatives
10. Fornication and Adultery
11. Homosexuality(sodomy)
12. Interest(Riba)
13. Wrongfully consuming the property of an orphan
14. Lying about Allah and His Messenger
15. Running away from the battlefield
16. A leader’s deceiving his people and being unjust to them
17. Pride and arrogance
18. Bearing false witness
19. Drinking Khamr (wine)
20. Gambling
21. Slandering chaste women
22. Stealing from the spoils of war
23. Stealing
24. Highway Robbery
25. Taking false oath
26. Oppression
27. Illegal gain
28. Consuming wealth acquired unlawfully
29. Committing suicide
30. Frequent lying
31. Judging unjustly
32. Giving and Accepting bribes
33. Woman’s imitating man and man’s imitating woman
34. Being cuckold
35. Marrying a divorced woman in order to make her lawful for the husband
36. Not protecting oneself from urine
37. Showing-off
38. Learning knowledge of the religion for the sake of this world and concealing that knowledge
39. Bertrayal of trust
40. Recounting favours
41. Denying Allah’s Decree
42. Listening (to) people’s private conversations
43. Carrying tales
44. Cursing
45. Breaking contracts
46. Believing in fortune-tellers and astrologers
47. A woman’s bad conduct towards her husband
48. Making statues and pictures
49. Lamenting, wailing, tearing the clothing, and doing other things of this sort when an affliction befalls
50. Treating others unjustly
51. Overbearing conduct toward the wife, the servant, the weak, and animals
52. Offending one’s neighbour
53. Offending and abusing Muslims
54. Offending people and having an arrogant attitude toward them
55. Trailing one’s garment in pride
56. Men’s wearing silk and gold
57. A slave’s running away from his master
58. Slaughtering an animal which has been dedicated to anyone other than Allah
59. To knowingly ascribe one’s paternity to a father other than one’s own
60. Arguing and disputing violently
61. Witholding excess water
62. Giving short weight or measure
63. Feeling secure from Allah’s Plan
64. Offending Allah’s righteous friends
65. Not praying in congregation but praying alone without an excuse
66. Persistently missing Friday Prayers without any excuse
67. Unsurping the rights of the heir through bequests
68. Deceiving and plotting evil
69. Spying for the enemy of the Muslims
70. Cursing or insulting any of the Companiions of Allah’s Messenger

Source: The Major Sins Al-Kaba’r By Muhammad bin ‘Uthman Adh-Dhahabi, rendered into English by Mohammad Moinuddin Siddiqui

Number of View :715